BACKGROUND:Chromosomal instability in peripheral blood mononuclear cells has a role in the onset of primary biliary cirrhosis. We hypothesized that patients with primary biliary cirrhosis may harbour telomere dysfunction, with consequent chromosomal instability and cellular senescence.AIM:To evaluate the clinical significance of telomerase activity and telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.STUDY DESIGN:In this population-based case control study, 48 women with primary biliary cirrhosis (25 with cirrhosis), 12 with chronic hepatitis C matched by age and severity of disease, and 55 age-matched healthy women were identified. Mononuclear cells from the peripheral blood of patients and controls were isolated. Telomere length and telomerase activity were measured.RESULTS:Telomere length and telomerase activity did not differ between cases (5.9 ± 1.5 kb) and controls (6.2 ± 1.4 kb, pc=0.164). Telomere shortening and advanced-stage disease strongly correlated with telomerase activity. Patients with advanced disease retained significantly less telomerase activity than those with early-stage disease (0.6 ± 0.9 OD vs. 1.5 ± 3.7 OD, p=0.03). Telomere loss correlated with age, suggesting premature cellular ageing in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.CONCLUSION:Our data strongly support the telomere hypothesis of human cirrhosis, indicating that telomere shortening and telomerase activity represent a molecular mechanism in the evolution of human cirrhosis in a selected population of patients

Telomere dysfunction in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis

Lleo De Nalda A.;
2014

Abstract

BACKGROUND:Chromosomal instability in peripheral blood mononuclear cells has a role in the onset of primary biliary cirrhosis. We hypothesized that patients with primary biliary cirrhosis may harbour telomere dysfunction, with consequent chromosomal instability and cellular senescence.AIM:To evaluate the clinical significance of telomerase activity and telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.STUDY DESIGN:In this population-based case control study, 48 women with primary biliary cirrhosis (25 with cirrhosis), 12 with chronic hepatitis C matched by age and severity of disease, and 55 age-matched healthy women were identified. Mononuclear cells from the peripheral blood of patients and controls were isolated. Telomere length and telomerase activity were measured.RESULTS:Telomere length and telomerase activity did not differ between cases (5.9 ± 1.5 kb) and controls (6.2 ± 1.4 kb, pc=0.164). Telomere shortening and advanced-stage disease strongly correlated with telomerase activity. Patients with advanced disease retained significantly less telomerase activity than those with early-stage disease (0.6 ± 0.9 OD vs. 1.5 ± 3.7 OD, p=0.03). Telomere loss correlated with age, suggesting premature cellular ageing in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.CONCLUSION:Our data strongly support the telomere hypothesis of human cirrhosis, indicating that telomere shortening and telomerase activity represent a molecular mechanism in the evolution of human cirrhosis in a selected population of patients
autoimmune disease; primary biliary cirrhosis; Telomere dysfunction; rheumatoid-arthritis; chromosomal instability; cellular senescence; immune-system; diseases; length; autoimmunity; monosomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/1113
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