Defibrotide is a polydeoxyribonucleotide, which significantly reduces the expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells. We investigated the activity of Defibrotide alone or in combination with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) to mobilize peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) in BALB/c mice. A 5-day treatment with Defibrotide alone (1-15 mg/mouse/day) had no effect on WBC counts, frequencies and absolute numbers of total circulating colony-forming cells (CFCs), i.e., granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units, erythroid burst-forming units, and multilineage colony-forming units. As compared with mock-injected mice, administration of rhG-CSF alone (5 mug/mouse/day) for 5 days significantly (P less than or equal to 0.0001) increased WBC counts, CFC frequencies, and CFC absolute numbers by 2-, 13-, and 27-fold, respectively. As compared with control mice, the combined administration of Defibrotide (15 mg/mouse/day) and rhG-CSF significantly (P less than or equal to 0.0001) increased WBC counts, frequencies and absolute numbers of CFCs by 4-, 38-, and 119-fold, respectively. As compared with rhG-CSF alone, administration of Defibrotide plus rhG-CSF resulted in a significant increase (P less than or equal to 0.001) of the frequency of circulating long-term culture-initiating cells. In addition, transplantation of 2 x 10(5) rhG-CSF- or Defibrotide/rhG-CSF-mobilized mononuclear cells rescued 43% and 71% of recipient mice, respectively. Experiments of CFC homing performed in lethally irradiated or nonirradiated recipients showed that marrow homing of transplanted PBPCs was reduced by 3-fold in Defibrotide-treated animals as compared with mock-injected mice (P less than or equal to 0.001), suggesting that the mobilizing effect of Defibrotide might be because of an effect on PBPC trafficking. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that Defibrotide synergizes with rhG-CSF and significantly increases the mobilization of a broad spectrum of PBPCs, including primitive and committed progenitor cells. These data might have relevant implications for autologous and allogeneic anticancer therapy in humans.
|Titolo:||Defibrotide in combination with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor significantly enhances the mobilization of primitive and committed peripheral blood progenitor cells in mice|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|