Background: Bone-grafting procedures for recurrent shoulder instability produce low recurrence rates, although they are associated with complications such as graft non-union. Inadequate screw purchase is considered to play a causative role. However, excessive screw length can endanger neurovascular structures. The present study aimed to investigate how type and length of screws influences construct rigidity in a simplified glenoid model. Methods: Testing was performed on composite polyurethane foam models with material properties and abstract dimensions of a deficient glenoid and an bone graft. Three screw types (cannulated 3.75mm and 3.5mm and solid 4.5 mm) secured the graft in a bicortical–bicortical, bicortical–unicortical and unicortical–unicortical configuration. Biomechanical testing consisted of applying axial loads when measuring graft displacement. Results: At 200 N, graft displacement reached 0.74 mm, 0.27mm and 0.24mm for the unicortical–unicortical and 0.40 mm, 0.25mm and 0.24mm for the unicortical–bicortical configuration of the 3.75 mm, 3.5mm and 4.5mm screw types. The 3.75mm screw incurred significant displacements in the unicortical configurations compared to the bicortical– bicortical method (p<0.001). Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that common screw types resist physiological shear loads in a bicortical configuration. However, the 3.75mm screws incurred significant displacements at 200N in the unicortical configurations. These findings have implications regarding hardware selection for bone-grafting procedures.

93. Influence of screw type and length on fixation of anterior glenoid bone grafts

Castagna A;
2018

Abstract

Background: Bone-grafting procedures for recurrent shoulder instability produce low recurrence rates, although they are associated with complications such as graft non-union. Inadequate screw purchase is considered to play a causative role. However, excessive screw length can endanger neurovascular structures. The present study aimed to investigate how type and length of screws influences construct rigidity in a simplified glenoid model. Methods: Testing was performed on composite polyurethane foam models with material properties and abstract dimensions of a deficient glenoid and an bone graft. Three screw types (cannulated 3.75mm and 3.5mm and solid 4.5 mm) secured the graft in a bicortical–bicortical, bicortical–unicortical and unicortical–unicortical configuration. Biomechanical testing consisted of applying axial loads when measuring graft displacement. Results: At 200 N, graft displacement reached 0.74 mm, 0.27mm and 0.24mm for the unicortical–unicortical and 0.40 mm, 0.25mm and 0.24mm for the unicortical–bicortical configuration of the 3.75 mm, 3.5mm and 4.5mm screw types. The 3.75mm screw incurred significant displacements in the unicortical configurations compared to the bicortical– bicortical method (p<0.001). Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that common screw types resist physiological shear loads in a bicortical configuration. However, the 3.75mm screws incurred significant displacements at 200N in the unicortical configurations. These findings have implications regarding hardware selection for bone-grafting procedures.
biomechanical; coracoid; fixation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/12458
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