Objectives: The increasing incidence of HPV-related Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC) and the improved survival of HPV-positive OPSCC highlight the need for effective tools in evaluating HPV status on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) cancers. To date, there is no agreement regarding the most appropriate method for HPV testing on FFPE materials. We aimed to investigate the performance of the Xpert (R) HPV assay (Cepheid) on crude lysates from OPSCC FFPE tissues. Materials and methods: Crude lysates were obtained by proteinase K digestion of FFPE tissues that had already been analyzed by the INNO-LiPA HPV assay and p16(ink4a) immunostaining. Results: 159 FFPE OPSCCs were evaluated. All the samples provided valid results with the Xpert, whereas three samples (1.8%) were invalid using the INNO-LiPA. Among the remaining 156 cases, 65 (41.7%) were concordantly positive and 87 (55.8%) concordantly negative (raw agreement 0.97, 95% CI: 0.93-0.99; Cohen K 0.95, 95% CI: 0.90-0.99). Type-specific data for the cases that were positive by both methods were completely concordant. Three samples were HPV16-positive with Xpert but negative with INNO-LiPA, while one OPSCC tested negative with Xpert and positive with INNO-LiPA. A very good agreement was observed between the Xpert and the p16 results, which was slightly higher than that for INNO-LiPA (Cohen K 0.87 vs. 0.85). Conclusion: The Xpert HPV assay appears to be a very good method for HPV detection and genotyping on FFPE OPSCCs, and requires no prior purification of nucleic acids. This assay showed a very good agreement with INNO-LiPA and p16 findings. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of the Xpert (R) HPV assay in the detection of Human Papillomavirus in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded oropharyngeal carcinomas|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|