Background: NGR-hTNF consists of human tumour necrosis factor (hTNF) fused with the tumour-homing peptide Asp-Gly-Arg (NGR), which is able to selectively bind an aminopeptidase N overexpressed on tumour blood vessels. Preclinical antitumour activity was observed even at low doses. We evaluated the activity and safety of low-dose NGR-hTNF in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients failing standard therapies. Patients and methods: Thirty-three patients with progressive disease at study entry received NGR-hTNF 0.8 mu g/m(2) given intravenously every 3 weeks. The median number of prior treatment regimens was three (range, 2-5). One-quarter of patients had previously received four or more regimens and two-thirds targeted agents. Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary study objective. Results: NGR-hTNF was well tolerated. No treatment-related grade 3 to 4 toxicities were detected, most common grade 1 to 2 adverse events being short-lived, infusion-time related chills (50.0%). One partial response and 12 stable diseases were observed, yielding a disease control rate of 39.4% (95% CI, 22.9-57.8%). Median PFS and overall survival were 2.5 months (95% CI, 2.1-2.8) and 13.1 months (95% CI, 8.9-17.3), respectively; whereas in patients who achieved disease control the median PFS and overall survival were 3.8 and 15.4 months, respectively. In an additional cohort of 13 patients treated at same dose with a weekly schedule, there was no increased toxicity and 2 patients experienced PFS longer than 10 months. Conclusion: Based on tolerability and preliminary evidence of disease control in heavily pre-treated CRC patients, NGR-hTNF deserves further evaluation in combination with standard chemotherapy. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Phase II study of NGR-hTNF, a selective vascular targeting agent, in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer after failure of standard therapy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|