Background: The use of cytoreductive therapy followed by surgery is preferred by many centers dealing with locally advanced esophageal cancer. However, the potential for increase in mortality and morbidity rates has raised concerns on the use of chemoradiation therapy, especially in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of induction therapy on postoperative mortality and morbidity in elderly patients undergoing esophagectomy for locally advanced esophageal cancer at a single institution. Methods: Postoperative mortality and morbidity of patients >= 70 years old undergoing esophagectomy after neoadjuvant therapy, between January 1992 and October 2005 for cancer of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction, were compared with findings in younger patients also receiving preoperative cytoreductive treatments. Results: 818 patients underwent esophagectomy during the study period. The study population included 238 patients < 70 years and 31 >= 70 years old undergoing esophageal resection after neoadjuvant treatment. Despite a significant difference in comorbidities (pulmonary, cardiological and vascular), postoperative mortality and morbidity were similar irrespective of age. Conclusions: Elderly patients receiving neoadjuvant therapies for cancer of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction do not have a significantly increased prevalence of mortality and major postoperative complications, although cardiovascular complications are more likely to occur. Advanced age should no longer be considered a contraindication to preoperative chemoradiation therapy preceding esophageal resection in carefully selected fit patients.
|Titolo:||Effects of neoadjuvant therapy on perioperative morbidity in elderly patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal cancer|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|