Retrospective studies have suggested that phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression might predict the efficacy of cetuximab in patients with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer, warranting a prospective validation of the biomarker. Although PTEN analysis did not correlate with progression-free survival or overall survival, the addition of cetuximab every second week to first-line irinotecan, fluorouracil, and folinate was effective and well tolerated. Additional explorative analyses suggested the predictive value of MET expression levels and BRAF status. Background: Retrospective studies have suggested that phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression might predict the efficacy of cetuximab in patients with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The present study was designed to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of first-line irinotecan, fluorouracil, and folinate (FOLFIRI) plus cetuximab every second week according to PTEN expression. Patients and Methods: Originally, patients with KRAS wild-type mCRC were randomly assigned to receive either FOLFIRI or cetuximab plus FOLFIRI (FOLFIRI-C). After a protocol amendment, the FOLFIRI arm was discontinued, and additional patients received FOLFIRI-C. Cox proportional hazard models were used to investigate the effect of PTEN and MET expression and BRAF and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit a mutations on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: A total of 35 and 54 patients received FOLFIRI and FOLFIRI-C, respectively. For the patients assigned to FOLFIRI and FOLFIRI-C, the median OS was 17.7 and 23.3 months and the median PFS was 8.2 and 6.6 months, respectively. For patients receiving FOLFIRI-C, the loss of PTEN expression did not affect PFS or OS. Significant interactions for PFS were detected between the MET expression levels (P = .047) and BRAF mutation (P = .018) and treatment. On univariate analysis, BRAF mutation was significantly associated with shorter OS for patients receiving either FOLFIRI-C (P = .016) or FOLFIRI (P = .035). Multivariate analysis confirmed the independent prognostic value of BRAF mutation on OS and that of MET expression levels on PFS (P = .025) and OS (P = .028) but only in the patients receiving FOLFIRI alone. Adverse events with FOLFIRI-C were consistent with those expected from FOLFIRI plus weekly cetuximab. Conclusion: Although prospective analysis of PTEN did not allow a validation of the

FOLFIRI and Cetuximab Every Second Week for First-Line Treatment of KRAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer According to Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Expression: A Phase II Study

Personeni N;Rimassa L;Santoro A
2015

Abstract

Retrospective studies have suggested that phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression might predict the efficacy of cetuximab in patients with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer, warranting a prospective validation of the biomarker. Although PTEN analysis did not correlate with progression-free survival or overall survival, the addition of cetuximab every second week to first-line irinotecan, fluorouracil, and folinate was effective and well tolerated. Additional explorative analyses suggested the predictive value of MET expression levels and BRAF status. Background: Retrospective studies have suggested that phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression might predict the efficacy of cetuximab in patients with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The present study was designed to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of first-line irinotecan, fluorouracil, and folinate (FOLFIRI) plus cetuximab every second week according to PTEN expression. Patients and Methods: Originally, patients with KRAS wild-type mCRC were randomly assigned to receive either FOLFIRI or cetuximab plus FOLFIRI (FOLFIRI-C). After a protocol amendment, the FOLFIRI arm was discontinued, and additional patients received FOLFIRI-C. Cox proportional hazard models were used to investigate the effect of PTEN and MET expression and BRAF and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit a mutations on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: A total of 35 and 54 patients received FOLFIRI and FOLFIRI-C, respectively. For the patients assigned to FOLFIRI and FOLFIRI-C, the median OS was 17.7 and 23.3 months and the median PFS was 8.2 and 6.6 months, respectively. For patients receiving FOLFIRI-C, the loss of PTEN expression did not affect PFS or OS. Significant interactions for PFS were detected between the MET expression levels (P = .047) and BRAF mutation (P = .018) and treatment. On univariate analysis, BRAF mutation was significantly associated with shorter OS for patients receiving either FOLFIRI-C (P = .016) or FOLFIRI (P = .035). Multivariate analysis confirmed the independent prognostic value of BRAF mutation on OS and that of MET expression levels on PFS (P = .025) and OS (P = .028) but only in the patients receiving FOLFIRI alone. Adverse events with FOLFIRI-C were consistent with those expected from FOLFIRI plus weekly cetuximab. Conclusion: Although prospective analysis of PTEN did not allow a validation of the
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/1728
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