Background & Aims: This study evaluated the contribution of beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance to cirrhosis-associated diabetes. Methods: One-hundred and sixty cirrhotic patients with normal fasting plasma glucose (FPG), three with impaired fasting glucose and seven with untreated diabetes mellitus (DM) underwent an extended oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The OGTT data were analyzed with a Minimal Model to estimate dynamic (derivative) control (DC) and static (proportional) control (PC) of beta-cell function, and with the Oral Glucose Insulin Sensitivity (OGIS)-2 h index to estimate insulin sensitivity. Results: Twenty-six patients (15.6%) had normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 60 (35.8%) had impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and 84 (48.6%) had DM. DC was significantly reduced in DM vs. NGT and IGT patients. PC was significantly impaired in DM and IGT vs. NGT patients and in DM vs. IGT subjects. The OGIS-2 h index was significantly reduced to a similar extent in DM and IGT vs. NGT patients. Patients with Child-Pugh class B and C cirrhosis had reduced DC and PC, but not OGIS-2 h values, as compared with subjects in class A. Moreover, Child-Pugh class/score was an independent predictor of beta-cell function even after adjustment for glucose tolerance. Conclusions: Abnormalities of glucose tolerance occur frequently in cirrhosis even in patients with normal FPG, thereby supporting the importance of performing an GTE Transition from IGT to DM is driven primarily by beta-cell dysfunction. Insulin secretion worsens in parallel with the severity of liver disease, thus suggesting a detrimental effect of liver failure on pancreatic islets on its own. (C) 2015 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Contribution of beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance to cirrhosis-associated diabetes: Role of severity of liver disease|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|