Objective: To investigate the ability of neck ultrasounds (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (FDG-PET/TC) in detecting residual nodal disease after chemoradiotherapy in patients with advanced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Methods: From 2006 to 2009, 36 consecutive patients affected by OPSCC with bulky nodal disease (>3 cm), treated with primary concurrent chemoradiotherapy, were enrolled prospectively. Nodal response to treatment was assessed by using US, MRI and FDG-PET/CT. Planned neck dissection (ND) was performed in all the patients, and the histopathological node status was compared to the imaging findings in order to establish sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and predictive values of each technique. Results: Metastatic disease was assessed in 18/37 (48.6%) hemi-necks, always localized in levels II-IV. US showed greater sensitivity (77.8%) and, combined with FDG-PET/TC, produced the highest negative predictive value (93.3%). US, MRI and FDG-PET/TC scans showed the highest specificity (100%), accuracy (93.8%) and positive predictive values (100%). Conclusions: In the presence of advanced OPSCC with bulky nodal disease, US combined with FDG-PET/TC could be a reliable and cost-effective strategy to identify patients with complete nodal response to chemoradiotherapy that might not require post-treatment ND but only observation. When residual disease in the neck was detected, selective ND was recommended. (C) 2014 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Planned neck dissection after chemoradiotherapy in advanced oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer: The role of US, MRI and FDG-PET/TC scans to assess residual neck disease|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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