Background: Relevance of low (< 70%) central venous oxygen saturation (SCVO2) during early sepsis has been recently questioned by three negative trials (Protocol-Based Care for Early Septic Shock, Australasian Resuscitation in Sepsis Evaluation, and Protocolized Management in Sepsis) on early goal-directed therapy; however, subjects included in those trials had SCVO2 at enrollment as high as 71 ± 13%, 73 ± 11%, and 70 ± 12%. Here we assess the association between SCVO2 < 70% at 6 h and 90-day mortality in subjects enrolled in the Albumin Italian Outcome Sepsis (ALBIOS) trial, focusing on those with initial SCVO2 < 70%. Methods: Regardless of treatment assignment (to receive albumin or not), all subjects enrolled in the ALBIOS trial received early goal-directed therapy aiming for SCVO2 ≥ 70% at 6 h. Using multivariable logistic regression analyses, we tested the association between SCVO2 < 70% at 6 h and 90-day mortality in those with initial SCVO2 < 70% (n = 514) or ≥ 70% (n = 961). Results: SCVO2 < 70% at 6 h was independently associated with higher 90-day mortality in subjects with initial SCVO2 < 70% (OR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.19-2.85; P =.007) but not in those with initial SCVO2 ≥ 70% (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.79-1.95; P =.357). SCVO2 < 70% at enrollment and at 6 h was associated with history and/or signs of cardiac dysfunction but not with greater severity of disease or more aggressive resuscitation (required per protocol). Conclusions: In the ALBIOS trial, persistence of low SCVO2 was associated with higher 90-day mortality, possibly because it reflected underlying cardiac dysfunction. Subjects with SCVO2 < 70% may benefit most from individually tailored interventions aimed at normalizing the balance between systemic oxygen delivery and consumption. Trial Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No. NCT00707122; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.
|Titolo:||Persistence of Central Venous Oxygen Desaturation During Early Sepsis Is Associated With Higher Mortality: A Retrospective Analysis of the ALBIOS Trial|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|