Deficiency in 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D(3)) has been suggested as an important environmental factor for immuno-mediated disorders including inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), comprising Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, both characterized by chronic intestinal inflammation. Administration of vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonists can ameliorate spontaneous and induced animal models of colitis, but hypercalcemia is a dose-limiting adverse event. Previous work in our laboratory has identified 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)-16-ene-20-cyclopropyl-vitamin D(3) (BXL-62) as a potent anti-inflammatory VDR agonist with a low calcemic activity. In the present study, we confirm the marked anti-inflammatory properties of BXL-62 and show its capacity to induce VDR primary response genes, like CYP24A1 and CAMP, at lower concentrations than 1,25D(3), in PBMCs from IBD patients. Its higher anti-inflammatory potency compared to 1,25D(3) was demonstrated by the significantly more potent inhibition in PBMCs and in lymphocyte-enriched lamina propria mononuclear cells of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-12/23p40, IL-6 and IFN-gamma, both at mRNA and protein level. The therapeutic efficacy of intra-rectal administration of BXL-62 in experimental IBD is shown by its beneficial effects, significantly higher than 1,25D(3), to induce recovery of clinical symptoms of colitis at normocalcemic doses in mice undergoing dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis. These results confirm the therapeutic efficacy of VDR agonists in experimental colitis, and suggest BXL-62 as a promising compound for IBD treatment. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Efficacy of a potent and safe vitamin D receptor agonist for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|