Between 1980 and 1989, 229 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus underwent esophagectomy without thoracotomy. The tumor was located in cervical and thoracic esophagus in 112 and 117 cases, respectively. Out the patient with a tumor of the thoracic esophagus, the mean age was 63 years (range 32-81). There were 90 males and 27 females. The locations inside the thoracic esophagus were as follows: upper thoracic 39, middle thoracic 40, lower thoracic 38 cases. A complete resection of the tumor was performed in 87 patients and in 30 cases the procedure was palliative. The digestive tract was reconstructed by means of esophago-gastrostomy in 101 patients, esophago-colostomy in 13, esophago-jejunostomy in 2, and pharyngo-colostomy in 1 patient, respectively. The post-operative morbidity was as follows: pulmonary complications 13.6%, anastomotic leak 17.1%, necrosis 5.1%, recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries 10.2%. The overall hospital mortality was 7.6%. Actuarial survival rates after curative and palliative resection were 82.4% and 47.1% at 7 year, 46.3% and 8.1% at 2 years, 39.0% and 0% at 3.5 and 6 years. In our experience, esophagectomy without thoracotomy is an excellent technique, with low morbidity but with oncologic limitations. Patients with carcinomas of the thoracic esophagus in whom thoracotomy is contraindicated can be resected with this technique with morbidity and mortality rates comparable to those of patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy.
|Titolo:||[Esophagectomy without thoracotomy as a treatment of esophageal cancer. Indications, technical features and results]. FT L'oesophagectomie sans thoracotomie comme traitement du cancer de l'oesophage. Indications, points de technique operatoire et resultats.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|