The ideal surgical treatment for adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia is still controversial. In 189 consecutive patients who underwent resection, 127 esophagogastric resections and 62 total gastrectomies plus esophageal resection were performed. Short- and long-term results of the two surgical procedures were compared in order to define the specific indications for each. Abdominal nodes were metastatic in 73.5% of the cases, and mediastinal nodes in 29.1% of the patients who were also approached through the thorax. Neoplastic permeation of the esophageal resection margin occurred in 3.2% of the patients. No positive resection margins were found in the cases in whom 10 or more cm. of uninvolved esophagus were resected. The superiority of the laparotomy and right thoracotomy approach was thus evident in terms of oncologic radicality. Anastomotic leakage occurred in 8.7% of esophagogastric resection, and in 6.5% of total gastrectomy plus esophageal resection, patients. No correlation between the stage of the tumor or the neoplastic permeation of the section margin and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was found. Operative mortality was 3.9% after esophagogastric resection, and 6.5% after total gastrectomy plus esophageal resection; this may suggest that esophagogastric resection is the procedure of choice in poor risk and elderly patients. After curative resection, locoregional or systemic neoplastic recurrence was observed in 15.0% of the cases.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Surgical treatment of carcinoma of the gastric cardia.

Castoro C;
1991

Abstract

The ideal surgical treatment for adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia is still controversial. In 189 consecutive patients who underwent resection, 127 esophagogastric resections and 62 total gastrectomies plus esophageal resection were performed. Short- and long-term results of the two surgical procedures were compared in order to define the specific indications for each. Abdominal nodes were metastatic in 73.5% of the cases, and mediastinal nodes in 29.1% of the patients who were also approached through the thorax. Neoplastic permeation of the esophageal resection margin occurred in 3.2% of the patients. No positive resection margins were found in the cases in whom 10 or more cm. of uninvolved esophagus were resected. The superiority of the laparotomy and right thoracotomy approach was thus evident in terms of oncologic radicality. Anastomotic leakage occurred in 8.7% of esophagogastric resection, and in 6.5% of total gastrectomy plus esophageal resection, patients. No correlation between the stage of the tumor or the neoplastic permeation of the section margin and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was found. Operative mortality was 3.9% after esophagogastric resection, and 6.5% after total gastrectomy plus esophageal resection; this may suggest that esophagogastric resection is the procedure of choice in poor risk and elderly patients. After curative resection, locoregional or systemic neoplastic recurrence was observed in 15.0% of the cases.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/3461
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact