Crude extracts of porcine cerebral cortical tissue convert cholecystokinin (CCK) to its COOH-terminal fragments, the dodecapeptide (CCK-12) and the octapeptide (CCK-8). The Sephadex G-75 void volume eluate of the crude extract cleaves the arginine-isoleucine bond and effects conversion only to CCK-12; the Sephadex G-50 void volume eluate of the same extract cleaves the arginine-aspartate bond as well, so that both CCK-12 and CCK-8 are end products. Thus, there are at least two enzymes; the one involved in the conversion to CCK-12 is of larger molecular radius than the other. The Km for the cleavage of CCK at the arginine-isoleucine bond by the Sephadex G-75 void volume eluate enzyme is 1.1 X 10(-6) M; the Km for trypsin cleavage of the same bond is 4.7 x 10(-6) M. The lower Vmax for the brain enzyme (1.5 x 10(-11) mol/min per g of extract) compared with trypsin (66 x 10(-11) mol/min per g of trypsin) simply reflects the lesser degree of purify of the brain extract than of the highly purified trypsin.

Cholecystokinin-converting enzymes in brain

A. Malesci;
1980

Abstract

Crude extracts of porcine cerebral cortical tissue convert cholecystokinin (CCK) to its COOH-terminal fragments, the dodecapeptide (CCK-12) and the octapeptide (CCK-8). The Sephadex G-75 void volume eluate of the crude extract cleaves the arginine-isoleucine bond and effects conversion only to CCK-12; the Sephadex G-50 void volume eluate of the same extract cleaves the arginine-aspartate bond as well, so that both CCK-12 and CCK-8 are end products. Thus, there are at least two enzymes; the one involved in the conversion to CCK-12 is of larger molecular radius than the other. The Km for the cleavage of CCK at the arginine-isoleucine bond by the Sephadex G-75 void volume eluate enzyme is 1.1 X 10(-6) M; the Km for trypsin cleavage of the same bond is 4.7 x 10(-6) M. The lower Vmax for the brain enzyme (1.5 x 10(-11) mol/min per g of extract) compared with trypsin (66 x 10(-11) mol/min per g of trypsin) simply reflects the lesser degree of purify of the brain extract than of the highly purified trypsin.
Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Brain; Cholecystokinin; Peptide Fragments; Peptide Hydrolases; Substrate Specificity; Swine; Time Factors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/4061
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