Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of death and disability. Despite enormous progress in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment over the years, the incidence of this group of pathologies continues to increase worldwide. An important step in reversing this situation is filling in the gaps we have in our understanding of cardiovascular homeostasis and of the pathogenic processes leading to disease. On this point, the discovery of epigenetics - heritable chemical modifications of DNA bases and histone proteins, as well as non-coding RNA-based mechanisms regulating gene expression - has opened up new vistas. Here, we will review recent findings regarding the epigenetics of three main vascular diseases (atherosclerosis, restenosis, and aortic aneurysm), with a focus on DNA methylation and histone modification. The emerging fundamental nature of epigenetics for cardiovascular physiopathology and, importantly, the amenability to manipulation with pharmacological techniques are an indication that epigenetics-based prognostic and therapeutics procedures might be developed in the future

The involvement of epigenetics in vascular disease development

Condorelli G
2019

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of death and disability. Despite enormous progress in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment over the years, the incidence of this group of pathologies continues to increase worldwide. An important step in reversing this situation is filling in the gaps we have in our understanding of cardiovascular homeostasis and of the pathogenic processes leading to disease. On this point, the discovery of epigenetics - heritable chemical modifications of DNA bases and histone proteins, as well as non-coding RNA-based mechanisms regulating gene expression - has opened up new vistas. Here, we will review recent findings regarding the epigenetics of three main vascular diseases (atherosclerosis, restenosis, and aortic aneurysm), with a focus on DNA methylation and histone modification. The emerging fundamental nature of epigenetics for cardiovascular physiopathology and, importantly, the amenability to manipulation with pharmacological techniques are an indication that epigenetics-based prognostic and therapeutics procedures might be developed in the future
epigenetics; atherosclerosis; vascular disease
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/5219
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