In spite of important progress made during recent decades in nutritional epidemiology methods, many questions about the role of diet in determining dancer risk remain elusive. One example of an unresolved question is whether a high percentage of energy intake in the form of fat (especially saturated fat) is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Observations from international correlation and case-control studies support this hypothesis, while results from prospective cohort studies, generally considered less prone to bias, do not. In this paper, we review the advantages and limitations of these different types of epidemiological study design, and discuss how multi-centre studies may help answer some of the unresolved questions about relations between diet, nutritional status, and cancer risk. Multi-centre cohort studies may have the advantage of increased statistical power because of larger variations in individuals' dietary intake patterns and disease risk (as in international correlation studies), while at the same time offering all the possibilities of individual-level studies to model confounding and/or interaction effects. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

The role of multi-centre cohort studies in studying the relation between diet and cancer

Riboli E
1997

Abstract

In spite of important progress made during recent decades in nutritional epidemiology methods, many questions about the role of diet in determining dancer risk remain elusive. One example of an unresolved question is whether a high percentage of energy intake in the form of fat (especially saturated fat) is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Observations from international correlation and case-control studies support this hypothesis, while results from prospective cohort studies, generally considered less prone to bias, do not. In this paper, we review the advantages and limitations of these different types of epidemiological study design, and discuss how multi-centre studies may help answer some of the unresolved questions about relations between diet, nutritional status, and cancer risk. Multi-centre cohort studies may have the advantage of increased statistical power because of larger variations in individuals' dietary intake patterns and disease risk (as in international correlation studies), while at the same time offering all the possibilities of individual-level studies to model confounding and/or interaction effects. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/5241
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact