Background Three different strategies to manage transient hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy were compared to evaluate cost-effectiveness. The reliability of total serum calcium (TSCa), ionized calcium (ICa), and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were investigated to achieve this goal. Methods A multicenter, prospective randomized study was carried out with 169 patients. The strategies were "preventive" (oral calcium + vitamin D supplementation), "reactive" (therapy in hypocalcemia), and "predictive" (therapy if iPTH <10 pg/mL). Results TSCa had higher accuracy in identifying patients who developed hypocalcemia-related symptoms than ICa (84.6% vs 50.0%). TSCa 24 h after surgery showed 24.8% of patients with hypocalcemia, whereas TSCa 48 h after surgery identified a further 10.6% with hypocalcemia (only in the "reactive" and "predictive" groups). iPTH showed low sensitivity as a predictor of hypocalcemia. Between the 3 groups, there was no significant difference in hospitalization time or number of symptomatic hypocalcemic patients. Interestingly, the cost-per-patient was significantly different among the groups. Conclusions None of the discussed strategies allowed for early discharge of patients without any risk of transient hypocalcemia. The "preventive" strategy was the most cost-effective, despite overtreatment.

Background Three different strategies to manage transient hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy were compared to evaluate cost-effectiveness. The reliability of total serum calcium (TSCa), ionized calcium (ICa), and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were investigated to achieve this goal. Methods A multicenter, prospective randomized study was carried out with 169 patients. The strategies were "preventive" (oral calcium + vitamin D supplementation), "reactive" (therapy in hypocalcemia), and "predictive" (therapy if iPTH <10 pg/mL). Results TSCa had higher accuracy in identifying patients who developed hypocalcemia-related symptoms than ICa (84.6% vs 50.0%). TSCa 24 h after surgery showed 24.8% of patients with hypocalcemia, whereas TSCa 48 h after surgery identified a further 10.6% with hypocalcemia (only in the "reactive" and "predictive" groups). iPTH showed low sensitivity as a predictor of hypocalcemia. Between the 3 groups, there was no significant difference in hospitalization time or number of symptomatic hypocalcemic patients. Interestingly, the cost-per-patient was significantly different among the groups. Conclusions None of the discussed strategies allowed for early discharge of patients without any risk of transient hypocalcemia. The "preventive" strategy was the most cost-effective, despite overtreatment.

Cost-effectiveness in transient hypocalcemia post-thyroidectomy

Mercante G;Ferreli F;De Virgilio A;Spriano G
2019

Abstract

Background Three different strategies to manage transient hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy were compared to evaluate cost-effectiveness. The reliability of total serum calcium (TSCa), ionized calcium (ICa), and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were investigated to achieve this goal. Methods A multicenter, prospective randomized study was carried out with 169 patients. The strategies were "preventive" (oral calcium + vitamin D supplementation), "reactive" (therapy in hypocalcemia), and "predictive" (therapy if iPTH <10 pg/mL). Results TSCa had higher accuracy in identifying patients who developed hypocalcemia-related symptoms than ICa (84.6% vs 50.0%). TSCa 24 h after surgery showed 24.8% of patients with hypocalcemia, whereas TSCa 48 h after surgery identified a further 10.6% with hypocalcemia (only in the "reactive" and "predictive" groups). iPTH showed low sensitivity as a predictor of hypocalcemia. Between the 3 groups, there was no significant difference in hospitalization time or number of symptomatic hypocalcemic patients. Interestingly, the cost-per-patient was significantly different among the groups. Conclusions None of the discussed strategies allowed for early discharge of patients without any risk of transient hypocalcemia. The "preventive" strategy was the most cost-effective, despite overtreatment.
Background Three different strategies to manage transient hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy were compared to evaluate cost-effectiveness. The reliability of total serum calcium (TSCa), ionized calcium (ICa), and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were investigated to achieve this goal. Methods A multicenter, prospective randomized study was carried out with 169 patients. The strategies were "preventive" (oral calcium + vitamin D supplementation), "reactive" (therapy in hypocalcemia), and "predictive" (therapy if iPTH <10 pg/mL). Results TSCa had higher accuracy in identifying patients who developed hypocalcemia-related symptoms than ICa (84.6% vs 50.0%). TSCa 24 h after surgery showed 24.8% of patients with hypocalcemia, whereas TSCa 48 h after surgery identified a further 10.6% with hypocalcemia (only in the "reactive" and "predictive" groups). iPTH showed low sensitivity as a predictor of hypocalcemia. Between the 3 groups, there was no significant difference in hospitalization time or number of symptomatic hypocalcemic patients. Interestingly, the cost-per-patient was significantly different among the groups. Conclusions None of the discussed strategies allowed for early discharge of patients without any risk of transient hypocalcemia. The "preventive" strategy was the most cost-effective, despite overtreatment.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Head Neck - 2019 - Mercante - Cost‐effectiveness in transient hypocalcemia post‐thyroidectomy.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 721.19 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
721.19 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/5440
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact