Background and Objectives. Afibrinogenemia and hypofibrinogenemia are rare inherited coagulation disorders characterized by hemorrhagic manifestations of variable entity and by plasma fibrinogen deficiency. So far, 57 mutations have been associated with these disorders, and 18 of these are missense mutations. The aim of this study was to characterize the molecular mechanism underlying severe hypofibrinogenemia in a proband from India. Design and Methods. The mutational screening was accomplished by DNA sequencing of the three fibrinogen genes. The mutant protein was expressed in COS-1 cells, and intracellular and secreted mutant fibrinogen was analyzed by means of pulse-chase experiments. Results. A novel homozygous G→A transition in exon 8 (nucleotide position 8017) was found in the proband's fibrinogen Bβ-chain gene. The resulting G434D missense mutation (fibrinogen Mumbai) involves a highly conserved amino acid residue, located in the C-terminal globular D domain. In vitro expression experiments demonstrated intracellular retention of the mutant fibrinogen and marked reduction of its secretion. Interpretation and Conclusions. The G434D substitution causes severe hypofibrinogenemia by impairing fibrinogen secretion. Expression data confirm the importance of Bβ-chain D domain folding in the intracellular processing of fibrinogen.
|Titolo:||Fibrinogen Mumbai: intracellular retention due to a novel G434D mutation in the Bbeta-chain gene|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|