Aims Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia (IST), a syndrome characterized by abnormally fast sinus rates and multisystem symptoms, is still poorly understood. Because of the relevance of HCN4 channels to pacemaker activity, we used a candidate- gene approach and screened IST patients for the presence of disease-causing HCN4 mutations.Methods and results Forty-eight IST patients, four of whom of known familial history, were enrolled in the study. We initially identified in one of the patients with familial history the R524Q mutation in HCN4. Investigation extended to the family members showed that the mutation co-segregated with IST-related symptoms. The R524Q mutation is located in the C-linker, a region known to couple cAMP binding to channel activation. The functional relevance of the mutation was investigated in heterologous expression systems by patch-clamp experiments. We found that mutant HCN4 channels were more sensitive to cAMP than wild-type channels, in agreement with increased sensitivity to basal and stimulated adrenergic input and with a faster than normal pacemaker rate. The properties of variant channels indicate therefore that R524Q is a gain-of-function mutation. Increased channel contribution to activity was confirmed by evidence that when spontaneously beating rat newborn myocytes were transfected with R524Q mutant HCN4 channels, they exhibited a faster rate than when transfected with wild-type HCN4 channels.Conclusion This is the first report of a gain-of-function HCN4 mutation associated with IST through increased sensitivity to cAMP-dependent activation.

A gain-of-function mutation in the cardiac pacemaker HCN4 channel increasing cAMP sensitivity is associated with familial Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia

Cappato, Riccardo;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Aims Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia (IST), a syndrome characterized by abnormally fast sinus rates and multisystem symptoms, is still poorly understood. Because of the relevance of HCN4 channels to pacemaker activity, we used a candidate- gene approach and screened IST patients for the presence of disease-causing HCN4 mutations.Methods and results Forty-eight IST patients, four of whom of known familial history, were enrolled in the study. We initially identified in one of the patients with familial history the R524Q mutation in HCN4. Investigation extended to the family members showed that the mutation co-segregated with IST-related symptoms. The R524Q mutation is located in the C-linker, a region known to couple cAMP binding to channel activation. The functional relevance of the mutation was investigated in heterologous expression systems by patch-clamp experiments. We found that mutant HCN4 channels were more sensitive to cAMP than wild-type channels, in agreement with increased sensitivity to basal and stimulated adrenergic input and with a faster than normal pacemaker rate. The properties of variant channels indicate therefore that R524Q is a gain-of-function mutation. Increased channel contribution to activity was confirmed by evidence that when spontaneously beating rat newborn myocytes were transfected with R524Q mutant HCN4 channels, they exhibited a faster rate than when transfected with wild-type HCN4 channels.Conclusion This is the first report of a gain-of-function HCN4 mutation associated with IST through increased sensitivity to cAMP-dependent activation.
2017
HCN4 pacemaker channel
Funny current
Channelopathies
Sinus node dysfunction
Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/58571
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