The aim of this retrospective cohort study is to establish whether strategies favoring frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) have an impact on differences in cumulative live birth rate (CLBR), weighted mean cost per live birth, and multiple pregnancy rate (MPR) between fertility clinics. Data were extracted from the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Italian National Registry and refer to classical IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles performed in 2018 in public funded Lombardy region fertility clinics. Propensity to FET cycles was expressed with the so-called freezing tendency index (FTI): [(No. of FETs + No. of transfers of embryos obtained from frozen-thawed oocytes) / (No. of fresh ETs + No. of canceled IVF cycles + Numerator)] x 100. Fertility clinics were divided according to their FTI: group A (FTI: 0-20%); group B (FTI: 20-40%); and group C (FTI: 40-60%). Groups A, B, and C included 6, 8, and 8 fertility clinics, respectively. The CLBR (95% CI) per started COH cycle was 13.1% (11.8-14.5%) in group A, 19.6% (18.6-20.7%) in group B, and 27.8% (26.8-28.9%) in group C (p < 0.0001). The weighted mean live birth cost was 32,770 +/- 10,662 euro in group A, 25,863 +/- 11,510 euro in group B, and 20,426 +/- 3788 euro in group C (p < 0.0001). The MPR (95% CI) was 15.4% (12.1-19.4%) in group A, 10.2% (8.7-12.1%) in group B (p = 0.0065), and 6.3% (5.2-7.6%) in group C (p = 0.0001). In conclusion, our results suggest that strategies favoring FET cycles are associated with an increased CLBR, a decreased weighted mean cost per live birth, and a decreased MPR.

Do Strategies Favoring Frozen-thawed Embryo Transfer Have an Impact on Differences in IVF Success Rate, Multiple Pregnancy Rate, and Cost per Live Birth Between Fertility Clinics?

Levi-Setti, Paolo Emanuele;Busnelli, Andrea
;
2021

Abstract

The aim of this retrospective cohort study is to establish whether strategies favoring frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) have an impact on differences in cumulative live birth rate (CLBR), weighted mean cost per live birth, and multiple pregnancy rate (MPR) between fertility clinics. Data were extracted from the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Italian National Registry and refer to classical IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles performed in 2018 in public funded Lombardy region fertility clinics. Propensity to FET cycles was expressed with the so-called freezing tendency index (FTI): [(No. of FETs + No. of transfers of embryos obtained from frozen-thawed oocytes) / (No. of fresh ETs + No. of canceled IVF cycles + Numerator)] x 100. Fertility clinics were divided according to their FTI: group A (FTI: 0-20%); group B (FTI: 20-40%); and group C (FTI: 40-60%). Groups A, B, and C included 6, 8, and 8 fertility clinics, respectively. The CLBR (95% CI) per started COH cycle was 13.1% (11.8-14.5%) in group A, 19.6% (18.6-20.7%) in group B, and 27.8% (26.8-28.9%) in group C (p < 0.0001). The weighted mean live birth cost was 32,770 +/- 10,662 euro in group A, 25,863 +/- 11,510 euro in group B, and 20,426 +/- 3788 euro in group C (p < 0.0001). The MPR (95% CI) was 15.4% (12.1-19.4%) in group A, 10.2% (8.7-12.1%) in group B (p = 0.0065), and 6.3% (5.2-7.6%) in group C (p = 0.0001). In conclusion, our results suggest that strategies favoring FET cycles are associated with an increased CLBR, a decreased weighted mean cost per live birth, and a decreased MPR.
Cumulative live birth rate
Frozen-thawed embryo transfer
In vitro fertilization
Multiple pregnancy rate
Cost per live birth
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/60144
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