Endometriosis is an estrogen-linked gynecological disease defined by the presence of endometrial tissue on extrauterine sites where it forms invasive lesions. Alterations in estrogen-mediated cellular signaling seems to have an essential role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Higher estrogen receptor (ER)-beta levels and enhanced ER-beta activity were detected in endometriotic tissues. It is well known that ER-beta interacts with components of the cytoplasmic inflammasome-3 (NALP-3), the NALP-3 activation increases interleukin (IL)-1 beta and IL-18, enhancing cellular adhesion and proliferation. Otherwise, the inhibition of ER-beta activity suppresses the ectopic lesions growth. The present study aims to investigate the potential effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on NALP-3 and ER-beta expression using a western blot analysis, NALP-3-induced cytokines production by ELISA, migration and invasion of immortalized epithelial (12Z) and stromal endometriotic cells (22B) using a 3D culture invasion assay, and matrix-metalloprotease (MMPs) activity using gelatin zymography. ALA significantly reduces ER-beta, NALP-3 protein expression/activity and the secretion of IL-1 beta and IL-18 in both 12Z and 22B cells. ALA treatment reduces cellular adhesion and invasion via a lower expression of adhesion molecules and MMPs activities. These results provide convincing evidence that ALA might inhibit endometriosis progression.

Alpha-Lipoic Acid Plays a Role in Endometriosis: New Evidence on Inflammasome-Mediated Interleukin Production, Cellular Adhesion and Invasion

Di Simone, Nicoletta
2021-01-01

Abstract

Endometriosis is an estrogen-linked gynecological disease defined by the presence of endometrial tissue on extrauterine sites where it forms invasive lesions. Alterations in estrogen-mediated cellular signaling seems to have an essential role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Higher estrogen receptor (ER)-beta levels and enhanced ER-beta activity were detected in endometriotic tissues. It is well known that ER-beta interacts with components of the cytoplasmic inflammasome-3 (NALP-3), the NALP-3 activation increases interleukin (IL)-1 beta and IL-18, enhancing cellular adhesion and proliferation. Otherwise, the inhibition of ER-beta activity suppresses the ectopic lesions growth. The present study aims to investigate the potential effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on NALP-3 and ER-beta expression using a western blot analysis, NALP-3-induced cytokines production by ELISA, migration and invasion of immortalized epithelial (12Z) and stromal endometriotic cells (22B) using a 3D culture invasion assay, and matrix-metalloprotease (MMPs) activity using gelatin zymography. ALA significantly reduces ER-beta, NALP-3 protein expression/activity and the secretion of IL-1 beta and IL-18 in both 12Z and 22B cells. ALA treatment reduces cellular adhesion and invasion via a lower expression of adhesion molecules and MMPs activities. These results provide convincing evidence that ALA might inhibit endometriosis progression.
2021
NALP-3 inflammasome
endometriosis
estrogen receptor (ER) β
α-lipoic acid
Cell Adhesion
Cell Line
Endometriosis
Endometrium
Estrogen Receptor beta
Female
Humans
Interleukin-18
Interleukin-1beta
NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein
Signal Transduction
Thioctic Acid
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/60197
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