Simple SummaryDepatux-M is an antibody-drug conjugate against activated EGFR. The efficacy and tolerability of the Depatux-M and temozolomide combination in recurrent glioblastoma patients were recently analyzed in the INTELLANCE-2/EORTC 1410 phase 2 trial. Despite the trial was negative, it showed interesting results for patients received this combination therapy versus standard treatment. For the first time worldwide, we investigated this treatment in a real-life population. Interestingly, we reported encouraging clinical benefits close to that reported in the previous randomized INTELLANCE 2 trial. Ocular toxicity was manageable. Likely, a subgroup of patients could benefit of this treatment and so, significant molecular predictors of treatment efficacy such as EGFR SNVs should be better investigated in a larger prospective study.Background: Depatuxizumab Mafodotin (Depatux-M; ABT-414) is an antibody-drug conjugate consisting of a specific antibody against activated EGFR and a cytotoxic agent with antimicrotubule activity. The INTELLANCE 2/EORTC 1410 phase 2 trial produced interesting results for the combination regimen of Depatux-M and temozolomide in EGFR-amplified glioblastoma patients at first recurrence. For the first time worldwide, our work investigated the clinical outcome and safety of this combination in a real-life population. Materials and Methods: Patients were enrolled from seven AINO (Italian Association of Neuro-Oncology) Institutions. The major inclusion criteria were: histologically confirmed diagnosis of glioblastoma, EGFR-amplified, one or more prior systemic therapies and ECOG PS <= 2. According to the original schedule, patients received Depatux-M 1.25 mg/kg every 2 weeks combined with temozolomide. The primary endpoints of the study were overall survival and safety. Results: A total of 36 patients were enrolled. The median age was 57 years, ECOG PS was 0-1 in 28 patients (88%), MGMT methylated status was found in 22 (64%), 15 patients (42%) received the combined treatment as second-line therapy. The median OS was 8.04 months (95% CI, 5.3-10.7), the 12 month-OS was 37%. On univariate and multivariate analyses, the MGMT methylation status was the only factor resulting significantly associated with survival. Grade 3 ocular toxicity occurred in 11% of patients; no grade 4 ocular toxicity was reported. No death was considered to be drug-related. Conclusions: The study reported the first "real world" experience of Depatux-M plus temozolomide in recurrent glioblastoma patients. Encouraging clinical benefits were demonstrated, even though most patients were treated beyond second-line therapy. Overall, the results are close to those reported in the previous phase 2 trial. Toxicity was moderate and manageable.

Depatuxizumab Mafodotin (Depatux-M) Plus Temozolomide in Recurrent Glioblastoma Patients: Real-World Experience from a Multicenter Study of Italian Association of Neuro-Oncology (AINO)

Simonelli, Matteo;
2021

Abstract

Simple SummaryDepatux-M is an antibody-drug conjugate against activated EGFR. The efficacy and tolerability of the Depatux-M and temozolomide combination in recurrent glioblastoma patients were recently analyzed in the INTELLANCE-2/EORTC 1410 phase 2 trial. Despite the trial was negative, it showed interesting results for patients received this combination therapy versus standard treatment. For the first time worldwide, we investigated this treatment in a real-life population. Interestingly, we reported encouraging clinical benefits close to that reported in the previous randomized INTELLANCE 2 trial. Ocular toxicity was manageable. Likely, a subgroup of patients could benefit of this treatment and so, significant molecular predictors of treatment efficacy such as EGFR SNVs should be better investigated in a larger prospective study.Background: Depatuxizumab Mafodotin (Depatux-M; ABT-414) is an antibody-drug conjugate consisting of a specific antibody against activated EGFR and a cytotoxic agent with antimicrotubule activity. The INTELLANCE 2/EORTC 1410 phase 2 trial produced interesting results for the combination regimen of Depatux-M and temozolomide in EGFR-amplified glioblastoma patients at first recurrence. For the first time worldwide, our work investigated the clinical outcome and safety of this combination in a real-life population. Materials and Methods: Patients were enrolled from seven AINO (Italian Association of Neuro-Oncology) Institutions. The major inclusion criteria were: histologically confirmed diagnosis of glioblastoma, EGFR-amplified, one or more prior systemic therapies and ECOG PS <= 2. According to the original schedule, patients received Depatux-M 1.25 mg/kg every 2 weeks combined with temozolomide. The primary endpoints of the study were overall survival and safety. Results: A total of 36 patients were enrolled. The median age was 57 years, ECOG PS was 0-1 in 28 patients (88%), MGMT methylated status was found in 22 (64%), 15 patients (42%) received the combined treatment as second-line therapy. The median OS was 8.04 months (95% CI, 5.3-10.7), the 12 month-OS was 37%. On univariate and multivariate analyses, the MGMT methylation status was the only factor resulting significantly associated with survival. Grade 3 ocular toxicity occurred in 11% of patients; no grade 4 ocular toxicity was reported. No death was considered to be drug-related. Conclusions: The study reported the first "real world" experience of Depatux-M plus temozolomide in recurrent glioblastoma patients. Encouraging clinical benefits were demonstrated, even though most patients were treated beyond second-line therapy. Overall, the results are close to those reported in the previous phase 2 trial. Toxicity was moderate and manageable.
Depatux-M
EGFR
antibody drug conjugate
glioblastoma
targeted therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/61021
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