Simple SummaryCancer patients show an increased vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 infection and may experience severe COVID-19 complications. AIOM-L Corona aimed to assess the prognostic factors associated with outcomes in 231 cancer patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 between March and September 2020 in Lombardy, the most extensively affected Italian region. A total of 93 events occurred. Known risk factors for mortality in COVID-19 remained significant in the study population. Specifically, age >= 60 years, metastases, dyspnea, desaturation, and interstitial pneumonia were all associated with mortality. Notably, metastatic patients receiving systemic active therapy were less likely to die as compared to untreated counterparts, even after adjusting for other confounding variables (Odds Ratio 0.23, 95%CI 0.11-0.51, p < 0.001). While large data sets are needed to confirm these findings, for now, during the COVID-19 pandemic, cancer patients should avoid exposure or increase their protection to SARS-CoV-2 while treatment adjustments and prioritizing vaccination should adequately be considered.Cancer patients may be at high risk of infection and poor outcomes related to SARS-CoV-2. Analyzing their prognosis, examining the effects of baseline characteristics and systemic anti-cancer active therapy (SACT) are critical to their management through the evolving COVID-19 pandemic. The AIOM-L CORONA was a multicenter, observational, ambispective, cohort study, with the intended participation of 26 centers in the Lombardy region (Italy). A total of 231 cases were included between March and September 2020. The median age was 68 years; 151 patients (62.2%) were receiving SACT, mostly chemotherapy. During a median follow-up of 138 days (range 12-218), 93 events occurred. Age >= 60 years, metastatic dissemination, dyspnea, desaturation, and interstitial pneumonia were all independent mortality predictors. Overall SACT had a neutral effect (Odds Ratio [OR] 0.83, 95%Confidence Interval [95%CI] 0.32-2.15); however, metastatic patients receiving SACT were less likely to die as compared to untreated counterparts, after adjusting for other confounding variables (OR 0.23, 95%CI 0.11-0.51, p < 0.001). Among cancer patients infected by SARS-CoV-2, those with metastases were most at risk of death, especially in the absence of SACT. During the ongoing pandemic, these vulnerable patients should avoid exposure to SARS-CoV-2, while treatment adjustments and prioritizing vaccination are being considered according to international recommendations.

Baseline Characteristics and Outcomes of Cancer Patients Infected with SARS-CoV-2 in the Lombardy Region, Italy (AIOM-L CORONA): A Multicenter, Observational, Ambispective, Cohort Study

Zucali, Paolo Andrea;
2021

Abstract

Simple SummaryCancer patients show an increased vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 infection and may experience severe COVID-19 complications. AIOM-L Corona aimed to assess the prognostic factors associated with outcomes in 231 cancer patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 between March and September 2020 in Lombardy, the most extensively affected Italian region. A total of 93 events occurred. Known risk factors for mortality in COVID-19 remained significant in the study population. Specifically, age >= 60 years, metastases, dyspnea, desaturation, and interstitial pneumonia were all associated with mortality. Notably, metastatic patients receiving systemic active therapy were less likely to die as compared to untreated counterparts, even after adjusting for other confounding variables (Odds Ratio 0.23, 95%CI 0.11-0.51, p < 0.001). While large data sets are needed to confirm these findings, for now, during the COVID-19 pandemic, cancer patients should avoid exposure or increase their protection to SARS-CoV-2 while treatment adjustments and prioritizing vaccination should adequately be considered.Cancer patients may be at high risk of infection and poor outcomes related to SARS-CoV-2. Analyzing their prognosis, examining the effects of baseline characteristics and systemic anti-cancer active therapy (SACT) are critical to their management through the evolving COVID-19 pandemic. The AIOM-L CORONA was a multicenter, observational, ambispective, cohort study, with the intended participation of 26 centers in the Lombardy region (Italy). A total of 231 cases were included between March and September 2020. The median age was 68 years; 151 patients (62.2%) were receiving SACT, mostly chemotherapy. During a median follow-up of 138 days (range 12-218), 93 events occurred. Age >= 60 years, metastatic dissemination, dyspnea, desaturation, and interstitial pneumonia were all independent mortality predictors. Overall SACT had a neutral effect (Odds Ratio [OR] 0.83, 95%Confidence Interval [95%CI] 0.32-2.15); however, metastatic patients receiving SACT were less likely to die as compared to untreated counterparts, after adjusting for other confounding variables (OR 0.23, 95%CI 0.11-0.51, p < 0.001). Among cancer patients infected by SARS-CoV-2, those with metastases were most at risk of death, especially in the absence of SACT. During the ongoing pandemic, these vulnerable patients should avoid exposure to SARS-CoV-2, while treatment adjustments and prioritizing vaccination are being considered according to international recommendations.
COVID-19
SARS-CoV-2
cancer
mortality
systemic anti-cancer treatment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/61781
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