Optimal activation of Rel/NF-kappa B transcription factors in T lymphocytes requires a CD28-delivered co-stimulatory signal in addition to TCR engagement. Although, Rel/NF-kappa B transcription factors are critical regulators of many T cell functions, the mechanisms and molecules, which link the surface receptors to their activation, are poorly characterized. Using Jurkat T cells stimulated with superantigen presented on B7-positive APC, we showed that CD28- and TCR-stimulated NF-KB-dependent transcription is associated to the activation of IRE kinase beta (IKK beta) and, to a lesser extent, of I kappa B kinase alpha (IKK alpha). A dominant negative mutant of the MAP3 kinase MEKK1, a kinase known to regulate the JNK pathway and to activate NF-kappa B-dependent transcription in many cell types, strongly inhibits CD28- and TCR-induced IKK activity, whereas the dominant negative mutants of the NF-kappa B-inducing kinase (NIK) did not exert any significant effects. In addition, TCR/CD28 stimulation results in the recruitment and autophosphorylation of endogenous MEKK1, whereas endogenous NIK was not detectably activated. Our data identify MEKK1 as a critical step in coupling signals initiated by TCR and CD28 to the downstream pathways which lead to both AP-1 and NF-kappa B activation in T lymphocytes.
|Titolo:||Mitogen-activated kinase kinase kinase 1 regulates T cell receptor- and CD28-mediated signaling events which lead to NF-kappaB activation.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|