The mobilizing potential and therapeutic activity of ifosfamide/vinorelbine-containing regimens with G-CSF support were explored in patients with pretreated malignant lymphomas. Ten patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) received ifosfamide and vinorelbine, and 17 with Hodgkin's disease (HD) received ifosfamide, vinorelbine and gemcitabine (IGEV regimen), as induction chemotherapy before high-dose chemotherapy (HDT) with peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) support. Most of the patients had been heavily pretreated with various chemotherapy regimens radiotherapy. The target yield was greater than or equal to3 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg of body weight in order to support the subsequent myeloablative chemotherapy. The optimal PBSC harvest occurred on days 11 and 12, with no difference in CD34+ cell mobilization kinetics between the ifosfamide/vinorelbine and IGEV regimens. The median number of CD34(+) cells/kg body weight collected was 10.9 x 10(6) (range 1.76-61.1 x 10(6)). The median total CD34(+) cell/mul, CFU-GM and white blood cells (WBC) for all individual collections was 81.5/mul, 10 x 10(4)/kg, and 17 900/mul, respectively. The target yield of CD34(+) cells was reached in 24 of 27 patients. Hematological side-effects were acceptable and no treatment-related hospitalizations or toxic deaths occurred. Fifteen patients have so far received high-dose therapy and PBSC reinfusion with rapid engraftment. These results confirm that ifosfamide and vinorelbine-based chemotherapy regimen with G-CSF support can be successfully and safely used to mobilize PBSCs.
|Titolo:||Mobilizing potential of ifosfamide/vinorelbine-based chemotherapy in pretreated malignant lymphoma|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|