Background: We reported the results of an Italian large retrospective analysis that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of T-DM1 in 'field-practice' breast cancer patients. We performed a sub-analysis to investigate the clinical activity of T-DM1 in patients with brain metastases (BMs).Methods: The records of 87 adult women with HER2-positive breast cancer and BMs treated with T-DM1 were reviewed. Their clinical outcomes were compared with those of 216 patients without central nervous system (CNS) involvement.Results: Response to T-DM1 treatment in BMs was available for 53 patients in the BM group (60.9%): two patients reported a complete response (3.8%), 11 patients obtained partial response (20.7%; overall response rate: 24.5%), 16 patients had a stable disease (30.1%). Regarding extracranial disease, a total of 77 and 191 patients were evaluable for response in BM group and non-BM group, respectively. The overall response rate was 35.1% in the BM group and 38.3% in the non-BM group; disease control rate was 53.3% and 66.6%, respectively.At a median follow-up of 16 months (range: 1-55), median cumulative progression-free survival (PFS) was 7 months (95% CI: 5.4-8.6) in the BM group and 8 months (95% CI: 5.7-10.3) in the non-BM group. In the second-line setting, PFS was 5 (95% CI: 3.1-6.9) versus 11 (95% CI: 7.1-14.9) months (p=0.01). Overall survival was 14 months (95% CI: 12.2-15.8) in the BM group and 32 months (95% CI: 24.4-39.6) in the non-BM group (p < 0.0001).Conclusions: T-DM1 is active in breast cancer patients with BMs. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

T-DM1 and brain metastases: Clinical outcome in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer

Zambelli, Alberto;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: We reported the results of an Italian large retrospective analysis that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of T-DM1 in 'field-practice' breast cancer patients. We performed a sub-analysis to investigate the clinical activity of T-DM1 in patients with brain metastases (BMs).Methods: The records of 87 adult women with HER2-positive breast cancer and BMs treated with T-DM1 were reviewed. Their clinical outcomes were compared with those of 216 patients without central nervous system (CNS) involvement.Results: Response to T-DM1 treatment in BMs was available for 53 patients in the BM group (60.9%): two patients reported a complete response (3.8%), 11 patients obtained partial response (20.7%; overall response rate: 24.5%), 16 patients had a stable disease (30.1%). Regarding extracranial disease, a total of 77 and 191 patients were evaluable for response in BM group and non-BM group, respectively. The overall response rate was 35.1% in the BM group and 38.3% in the non-BM group; disease control rate was 53.3% and 66.6%, respectively.At a median follow-up of 16 months (range: 1-55), median cumulative progression-free survival (PFS) was 7 months (95% CI: 5.4-8.6) in the BM group and 8 months (95% CI: 5.7-10.3) in the non-BM group. In the second-line setting, PFS was 5 (95% CI: 3.1-6.9) versus 11 (95% CI: 7.1-14.9) months (p=0.01). Overall survival was 14 months (95% CI: 12.2-15.8) in the BM group and 32 months (95% CI: 24.4-39.6) in the non-BM group (p < 0.0001).Conclusions: T-DM1 is active in breast cancer patients with BMs. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2018
Brain metastases
Metastatic breast cancer
T-DM1
Trastuzumab-emtansine
Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine
Adult
Aged
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Brain Neoplasms
Breast Neoplasms
Female
Humans
Maytansine
Middle Aged
Receptor, ErbB-2
Retrospective Studies
Survival Analysis
Trastuzumab
Treatment Outcome
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/64305
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