The humoral arm of innate immunity includes diverse molecules with antibody-like functions, some of which serve as disease severity biomarkers in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The present study was designed to conduct a systematic investigation of the interaction of human humoral fluid-phase pattern recognition molecules (PRMs) with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Of 12 PRMs tested, the long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and mannose-binding lectin (MBL) bound the viral nucleocapsid and spike proteins, respectively. MBL bound trimeric spike protein, including that of variants of concern (VoC), in a glycan-dependent manner and inhibited SARS-CoV-2 in three in vitro models. Moreover, after binding to spike protein, MBL activated the lectin pathway of complement activation. Based on retention of glycosylation sites and modeling, MBL was predicted to recognize the Omicron VoC. Genetic polymorphisms at the MBL2 locus were associated with disease severity. These results suggest that selected humoral fluid-phase PRMs can play an important role in resistance to, and pathogenesis of, COVID-19, a finding with translational implications.Stravalaci et al. examined recognition of SARS-CoV-2 by human soluble innate pattern recognition receptor. They report that pentraxin 3 and mannose-binding protein recognize viral nucleoprotein and spike, respectively. Mannose-binding lectin has antiviral activity, and human genetic polymorphisms of MBL2 are associated with more severe COVID-19.

Recognition and inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 by humoral innate immunity pattern recognition molecules

Paraboschi, Elvezia Maria;Duga, Stefano;Asselta, Rosanna;Mantovani, Alberto;Garlanda, Cecilia
2022-01-01

Abstract

The humoral arm of innate immunity includes diverse molecules with antibody-like functions, some of which serve as disease severity biomarkers in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The present study was designed to conduct a systematic investigation of the interaction of human humoral fluid-phase pattern recognition molecules (PRMs) with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Of 12 PRMs tested, the long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and mannose-binding lectin (MBL) bound the viral nucleocapsid and spike proteins, respectively. MBL bound trimeric spike protein, including that of variants of concern (VoC), in a glycan-dependent manner and inhibited SARS-CoV-2 in three in vitro models. Moreover, after binding to spike protein, MBL activated the lectin pathway of complement activation. Based on retention of glycosylation sites and modeling, MBL was predicted to recognize the Omicron VoC. Genetic polymorphisms at the MBL2 locus were associated with disease severity. These results suggest that selected humoral fluid-phase PRMs can play an important role in resistance to, and pathogenesis of, COVID-19, a finding with translational implications.Stravalaci et al. examined recognition of SARS-CoV-2 by human soluble innate pattern recognition receptor. They report that pentraxin 3 and mannose-binding protein recognize viral nucleoprotein and spike, respectively. Mannose-binding lectin has antiviral activity, and human genetic polymorphisms of MBL2 are associated with more severe COVID-19.
2022
Animals
C-Reactive Protein
COVID-19
Case-Control Studies
Chlorocebus aethiops
Complement Activation
Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins
Female
Glycosylation
HEK293 Cells
Host-Pathogen Interactions
Humans
Male
Mannose-Binding Lectin
Phosphoproteins
Polymorphism, Genetic
Protein Binding
Receptors, Pattern Recognition
SARS-CoV-2
Serum Amyloid P-Component
Signal Transduction
Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
Vero Cells
Immunity, Humoral
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/64416
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 93
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 95
social impact