Purpose Pretreatment staging is the milestone for planning either surgical or endoscopic treatment in duodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms (dNENs). Herein, a series of surgically treated dNEN patients was evaluated to assess the concordance between the pre- and postsurgical staging. Methods Retrospective analysis of patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of dNENs, who underwent surgical resection observed at eight Italian tertiary referral centers. The presurgical TNM stage, based on the radiological and functional imaging, was compared with the pathological TNM stage, after surgery. Results From 2000 to 2019, 109 patients were included. Sixty-six patients had G1, 26 a G2, 7 a G3 dNEN (Ki-67 not available in 10 patients). In 46/109 patients (42%) there was disagreement between the pre- and postsurgical staging, being it understaged in 42 patients (38%), overstaged in 4 (3%). As regards understaging, in 25 patients (22.9%), metastatic loco-regional nodes (N) resulted undetected at both radiological and functional imaging. Understaging due to the presence of distal micrometastases (M) was observed in 2 cases (1.8%). Underestimation of tumor extent (T) was observed in 12 patients (11%); in three cases the tumor was understaged both in T and N extent. Conclusions Conventional imaging has a poor detection rate for loco-regional nodes and micrometastases in the presurgical setting of the dNENs. These results represent important advice when local conservative approaches, such as endoscopy or local surgical excision are considered and it represents a strong recommendation to include endoscopic ultrasound in the preoperative tools for a more accurate local staging.

Risk of preoperative understaging of duodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms: a plea for caution in the treatment strategy

Nappo, G;Zerbi, A;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose Pretreatment staging is the milestone for planning either surgical or endoscopic treatment in duodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms (dNENs). Herein, a series of surgically treated dNEN patients was evaluated to assess the concordance between the pre- and postsurgical staging. Methods Retrospective analysis of patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of dNENs, who underwent surgical resection observed at eight Italian tertiary referral centers. The presurgical TNM stage, based on the radiological and functional imaging, was compared with the pathological TNM stage, after surgery. Results From 2000 to 2019, 109 patients were included. Sixty-six patients had G1, 26 a G2, 7 a G3 dNEN (Ki-67 not available in 10 patients). In 46/109 patients (42%) there was disagreement between the pre- and postsurgical staging, being it understaged in 42 patients (38%), overstaged in 4 (3%). As regards understaging, in 25 patients (22.9%), metastatic loco-regional nodes (N) resulted undetected at both radiological and functional imaging. Understaging due to the presence of distal micrometastases (M) was observed in 2 cases (1.8%). Underestimation of tumor extent (T) was observed in 12 patients (11%); in three cases the tumor was understaged both in T and N extent. Conclusions Conventional imaging has a poor detection rate for loco-regional nodes and micrometastases in the presurgical setting of the dNENs. These results represent important advice when local conservative approaches, such as endoscopy or local surgical excision are considered and it represents a strong recommendation to include endoscopic ultrasound in the preoperative tools for a more accurate local staging.
2021
Duodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms
Lymph node metastases
Micrometastases
Staging
Surgery
Treatment
Ultrasound endoscopy
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Digestive System Surgical Procedures
Duodenal Neoplasms
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lymphatic Metastasis
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Staging
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Preoperative Care
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/64612
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact