BackgroundStandard lymphadenectomy during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for peri-ampullary cancer does not include the routine removal of para-aortic lymph nodes (PALN) (station 16, according to the JPS staging system). The aim of this study was to report the incidence and the prognostic value of PALN metastases in patients undergoing PD for peri-ampullary cancer.Materials and methodsOne hundred thirty-five consecutive patients who underwent PD and PALN dissection for peri-ampullary cancer were prospectively evaluated. The relationship between clinicopathological factors, including PALN metastases and survival was evaluated at univariate and multivariate analysis.ResultsPALN metastases (N16+) were found in 11.1% of cases. At univariate analysis, R1 resection, metastatic nodes different from para aortic (N1) and N16+ significantly affected patients' prognosis. Compared with N16+, the median overall survival (OS) of N0 patients was significantly longer (32 versus 69months, respectively; P<0.05), whereas no difference was found between N16+ and N1 patients (32 versus 34months, respectively) (P > 0.05). At multivariate analysis, only R1 resection reached statistical significance and was confirmed an independent prognostic factor.ConclusionsNeoplastic involvement of PALN in peri-ampullary cancer is frequent and, so, their removal during PD could be justified. Moreover, PALN metastases should be not considered an absolute contraindication to radical surgery.

Incidence and prognostic impact of para‐aortic lymph nodes metastases during pancreaticoduodenectomy for peri‐ampullary cancer

Nappo, Gennaro;
2015-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundStandard lymphadenectomy during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for peri-ampullary cancer does not include the routine removal of para-aortic lymph nodes (PALN) (station 16, according to the JPS staging system). The aim of this study was to report the incidence and the prognostic value of PALN metastases in patients undergoing PD for peri-ampullary cancer.Materials and methodsOne hundred thirty-five consecutive patients who underwent PD and PALN dissection for peri-ampullary cancer were prospectively evaluated. The relationship between clinicopathological factors, including PALN metastases and survival was evaluated at univariate and multivariate analysis.ResultsPALN metastases (N16+) were found in 11.1% of cases. At univariate analysis, R1 resection, metastatic nodes different from para aortic (N1) and N16+ significantly affected patients' prognosis. Compared with N16+, the median overall survival (OS) of N0 patients was significantly longer (32 versus 69months, respectively; P<0.05), whereas no difference was found between N16+ and N1 patients (32 versus 34months, respectively) (P > 0.05). At multivariate analysis, only R1 resection reached statistical significance and was confirmed an independent prognostic factor.ConclusionsNeoplastic involvement of PALN in peri-ampullary cancer is frequent and, so, their removal during PD could be justified. Moreover, PALN metastases should be not considered an absolute contraindication to radical surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/64613
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