Background: Acute myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) is frequent in patients experiencing an early-onset MI, but data concerning its long-term prognosis are limited and conflicting. Methods: The Italian Genetic Study on Early-onset MI enrolled 2000 patients experiencing a first MI before the age of 45 years, and had a median follow-up of 19.9 years. The composite primary endpoint was cardiovascular (CV) death, non-fatal MI, and non-fatal stroke (MACE); the secondary endpoint was rehospitalisation for coronary revascularisation. Results: MINOCA occurred in 317 patients (15.9%) and, during the follow-up, there was no significant difference in MACE rates between them and the patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (MICAD: 27.8% vs 37.5%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-1.09;p = 0.15). The CV death rate was lower in the MINOCA group (4.2% vs 8.4%, HR 0.26, 95%CI 0.08-0.86;p = 0.03), whereas the rates of non-fatal reinfarction (17.3% vs 25.4%; HR 0.76, 95%CI 0.52-1.13;p = 0.18), non-fatal ischemic stroke (9.5% vs 3.7%; HR 1.79, 95%CI 0.87-3.70;p = 0.12), and all-cause mortality (14.1% vs 20.7%, HR 0.73, 95%CI 0.43-1.25;p = 0.26) were not significantly different in the two groups. The rate of rehospitalisation for coronary revascularisation was lower among the MINOCA patients (6.7% vs 27.7%; HR 0.27, 95% CI 0.15-0.47;p < 0.001). Conclusions: MINOCA is frequent and not benign in patients with early-onset MI. Although there is a lower likelihood of CV death,the long-term risk of MACE and overall mortality is not significantly different from that of MICAD patients.

Long-term outcomes of early-onset myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA)

Paraboschi, Elvezia;Asselta, Rosanna;Duga, Stefano;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Acute myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) is frequent in patients experiencing an early-onset MI, but data concerning its long-term prognosis are limited and conflicting. Methods: The Italian Genetic Study on Early-onset MI enrolled 2000 patients experiencing a first MI before the age of 45 years, and had a median follow-up of 19.9 years. The composite primary endpoint was cardiovascular (CV) death, non-fatal MI, and non-fatal stroke (MACE); the secondary endpoint was rehospitalisation for coronary revascularisation. Results: MINOCA occurred in 317 patients (15.9%) and, during the follow-up, there was no significant difference in MACE rates between them and the patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (MICAD: 27.8% vs 37.5%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-1.09;p = 0.15). The CV death rate was lower in the MINOCA group (4.2% vs 8.4%, HR 0.26, 95%CI 0.08-0.86;p = 0.03), whereas the rates of non-fatal reinfarction (17.3% vs 25.4%; HR 0.76, 95%CI 0.52-1.13;p = 0.18), non-fatal ischemic stroke (9.5% vs 3.7%; HR 1.79, 95%CI 0.87-3.70;p = 0.12), and all-cause mortality (14.1% vs 20.7%, HR 0.73, 95%CI 0.43-1.25;p = 0.26) were not significantly different in the two groups. The rate of rehospitalisation for coronary revascularisation was lower among the MINOCA patients (6.7% vs 27.7%; HR 0.27, 95% CI 0.15-0.47;p < 0.001). Conclusions: MINOCA is frequent and not benign in patients with early-onset MI. Although there is a lower likelihood of CV death,the long-term risk of MACE and overall mortality is not significantly different from that of MICAD patients.
2022
Early onset myocardial infarction
Long-term cardiovascular outcomes
Myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/64802
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