Background Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and Child-Pugh B liver cirrhosis have poor prognosis and are underrepresented in clinical trials. The CELESTIAL trial, in which cabozantinib improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) versus placebo in patients with HCC and Child-Pugh A liver cirrhosis at baseline, was evaluated for outcomes in patients who had Child-Pugh B cirrhosis at Week 8. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients with previously treated advanced HCC. Child-Pugh B status was assessed by the investigator. Patients were randomised 2:1 to cabozantinib (60 mg once daily) or placebo. Results Fifty-one patients receiving cabozantinib and 22 receiving placebo had Child-Pugh B cirrhosis at Week 8. Safety and tolerability of cabozantinib for the Child-Pugh B subgroup were consistent with the overall population. For cabozantinib- versus placebo-treated patients, median OS from randomisation was 8.5 versus 3.8 months (HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.18-0.58), median PFS was 3.7 versus 1.9 months (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.25-0.76), and best response was stable disease in 57% versus 23% of patients. Conclusions These encouraging results with cabozantinib support the initiation of prospective studies in patients with advanced HCC and Child-Pugh B liver function. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT01908426.

Safety and efficacy of cabozantinib for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who advanced to Child-Pugh B liver function at study week 8: a retrospective analysis of the CELESTIAL randomised controlled trial

Rimassa, Lorenza;
2022

Abstract

Background Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and Child-Pugh B liver cirrhosis have poor prognosis and are underrepresented in clinical trials. The CELESTIAL trial, in which cabozantinib improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) versus placebo in patients with HCC and Child-Pugh A liver cirrhosis at baseline, was evaluated for outcomes in patients who had Child-Pugh B cirrhosis at Week 8. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients with previously treated advanced HCC. Child-Pugh B status was assessed by the investigator. Patients were randomised 2:1 to cabozantinib (60 mg once daily) or placebo. Results Fifty-one patients receiving cabozantinib and 22 receiving placebo had Child-Pugh B cirrhosis at Week 8. Safety and tolerability of cabozantinib for the Child-Pugh B subgroup were consistent with the overall population. For cabozantinib- versus placebo-treated patients, median OS from randomisation was 8.5 versus 3.8 months (HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.18-0.58), median PFS was 3.7 versus 1.9 months (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.25-0.76), and best response was stable disease in 57% versus 23% of patients. Conclusions These encouraging results with cabozantinib support the initiation of prospective studies in patients with advanced HCC and Child-Pugh B liver function. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT01908426.
Cabozantinib
Child–Pugh B
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Adult
Anilides
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis
Prospective Studies
Pyridines
Retrospective Studies
Antineoplastic Agents
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Liver Neoplasms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/65804
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