Aims: The study was designed to compare a combined aerobic and resistance training (ART) with an aerobic training (AT) over hemodynamic, glucose metabolism and endothelial factors, adipokines and pro-inflammatory marker release in a population of obese type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: Forty-seven patients were randomly assigned to aerobic (27 patients) or aerobic plus resistance (20 patients) exercise trainings, on the top of a diet regime. Anthropometric, metabolic, hormonal and inflammatory variables were measured at hospitalization and discharge. Results: Both exercise programs equally improved body weight and fructosamine levels however ART only partially decreased HOMA index compared with AT (ART: 25% vs AT: -54%, p < 0.01). Mean blood pressure (AT: -3.6 mmHg vs ART: + 0.6 mmHg, p < 0.05) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) incremental areas during walking test (AT: -11% vs ART: + 30%, p < 0.001) decreased after AT while increased after ART. Adiponectin levels increased by 54% after AT while decreased by 13% after ART (p < 0.0001) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and monocyte chemoattractan protein-1 (MCP-1) levels significantly decreased in AT while increased in ART group. Conclusions: Compared with AT, ART similarly enhanced body weight loss but exerted less positive effects on insulin sensitivity and endothelial factors, adipokines and pro-inflammatory marker release. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Aerobic and resistance training effects compared to aerobic training alone in obese type 2 diabetic patients on diet treatment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|