OBJECTIVE: Lateral ankle sprains are very common injuries that can be treated with different strategies. The aim of the present systematic review was to provide a comprehensive analysis on the treatment of acute lateral ankle sprains to clarify the possible differences in outcome between surgical and conservative management. different external supports. and different rehabilitation protocols.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search on three different topics was carried out on PubMed, Scopus. and Web of Science databases on June 25th. 2021. The main objective of the literature search was to identify the randomized trials comparing: (1) surgery to conservative management, (2) different external supports, and (3) different rehabilitation protocols for the treatment of acute lateral ankle sprains. Two investigators extracted independently relevant data from each paper and assessed the quality of the trials using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment.RESULTS: A total of 12 studies for the first topic. 8 for the second one and 4 for the last one were included in this review. 8 out of 12 RCTs demonstrated a superior outcome and better socio-economic impact of conservative treatment compared to surgical management. In the other two comparisons. due to the wide variety of braces used and the different rehabilitation protocols. inconclusive results were obtained.CONCLUSIONS: Conservative treatment should be the first choice for severe acute lateral ankle sprains. as it provides satisfactory functional outcomes without the risks and costs of surgery. It was not possible to identify the best external support, but a preference toward flexible braces emerged since they allow an earlier return to daily activities. The paucity of studies comparing different rehabilitation protocols precluded the possibility of defining the ideal one.

Evidence-based treatment choices for acute lateral ankle sprain: a comprehensive systematic review

Kon, E;Marcacci, M;Di Matteo, B
2022

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Lateral ankle sprains are very common injuries that can be treated with different strategies. The aim of the present systematic review was to provide a comprehensive analysis on the treatment of acute lateral ankle sprains to clarify the possible differences in outcome between surgical and conservative management. different external supports. and different rehabilitation protocols.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search on three different topics was carried out on PubMed, Scopus. and Web of Science databases on June 25th. 2021. The main objective of the literature search was to identify the randomized trials comparing: (1) surgery to conservative management, (2) different external supports, and (3) different rehabilitation protocols for the treatment of acute lateral ankle sprains. Two investigators extracted independently relevant data from each paper and assessed the quality of the trials using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment.RESULTS: A total of 12 studies for the first topic. 8 for the second one and 4 for the last one were included in this review. 8 out of 12 RCTs demonstrated a superior outcome and better socio-economic impact of conservative treatment compared to surgical management. In the other two comparisons. due to the wide variety of braces used and the different rehabilitation protocols. inconclusive results were obtained.CONCLUSIONS: Conservative treatment should be the first choice for severe acute lateral ankle sprains. as it provides satisfactory functional outcomes without the risks and costs of surgery. It was not possible to identify the best external support, but a preference toward flexible braces emerged since they allow an earlier return to daily activities. The paucity of studies comparing different rehabilitation protocols precluded the possibility of defining the ideal one.
Acute lateral ankle sprain
Surgery
Conservative
External support
Bracing
Rehabilitation
Conservative Treatment
Humans
Ankle Injuries
Graft vs Host Disease
Sprains and Strains
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/65887
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