Background Studies on immunological infertility after inguinal hernia correction are few and not very representative. Anti-sperm antibodies have been shown to reduce male fertility. Although the extent of infertility due to anti-sperm antibodies alone is not very clear, data indicates that about 8%-10% of infertile patients have immunological infertility Design This retrospective study includes all infertile male patients (n = 2258) who underwent mixed antiglobulin reaction tests and urologic examination from 2000 to 2020. Sperm quality (assessed by the number of spermatozoa, their motility, vitality, and normal form) was also evaluated. Among these patients, 191 had previously undergone unilateral or bilateral inguinal hernia surgery repair. The aim of the study is to evaluate if there is a higher incidence of positive mixed antiglobulin reaction test among patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty compared to the unselected infertile population. Results Anti-sperm antibodies would seem to increase in both patients who performed general andrological surgery and groin hernia correction, respectively 3.48 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.70-7.10; p < 0.001) and 2.45 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.01-5.99; p < 0.05) times more than the unselected infertile population. Conclusions Mixed antiglobulin reaction test could be useful in patients undergone previous scrotal surgery or hernia correction men, to avoid false unexplained infertility diagnoses and to direct the couple to assisted reproductive technology procedures. Basal evaluation of spermatozoa does not actually consider andrological surgery as an indication to autoimmunity investigation.

Influence of inguinal hernia repair on sperm autoimmunity: The largest single center experience

Levi Setti, Paolo Emanuele
2022

Abstract

Background Studies on immunological infertility after inguinal hernia correction are few and not very representative. Anti-sperm antibodies have been shown to reduce male fertility. Although the extent of infertility due to anti-sperm antibodies alone is not very clear, data indicates that about 8%-10% of infertile patients have immunological infertility Design This retrospective study includes all infertile male patients (n = 2258) who underwent mixed antiglobulin reaction tests and urologic examination from 2000 to 2020. Sperm quality (assessed by the number of spermatozoa, their motility, vitality, and normal form) was also evaluated. Among these patients, 191 had previously undergone unilateral or bilateral inguinal hernia surgery repair. The aim of the study is to evaluate if there is a higher incidence of positive mixed antiglobulin reaction test among patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty compared to the unselected infertile population. Results Anti-sperm antibodies would seem to increase in both patients who performed general andrological surgery and groin hernia correction, respectively 3.48 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.70-7.10; p < 0.001) and 2.45 (95% Confidence Interval: 1.01-5.99; p < 0.05) times more than the unselected infertile population. Conclusions Mixed antiglobulin reaction test could be useful in patients undergone previous scrotal surgery or hernia correction men, to avoid false unexplained infertility diagnoses and to direct the couple to assisted reproductive technology procedures. Basal evaluation of spermatozoa does not actually consider andrological surgery as an indication to autoimmunity investigation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/65953
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