Objective: Regeneration of the meniscal tissue occurs to a limited extent, and the loss of meniscal tissue leads to osteoarthritis. A new biomaterial consisting of hyaluronic acid and polycaprolactone was used as a meniscus substitute in sheep to evaluate the properties of the implant material with regard to size, biomechanical stability, tissue ingrowth, and integration. Methods: Eight sheep (right stifle joints) were treated with three total and three partial meniscus replacements while two meniscectomies served as empty controls. The animals were euthanized after 6 weeks. The specimens were assessed by gross inspection and histology, and compared with the nonoperated left joints., Results: The surgical technique was found to be feasible. The implants remained in position, did not tear, and showed excellent tissue ingrowth to the capsule. Tissue integration was also observed between the original meniscus and the implant. However, graft compression and extrusion occurred. The histological investigation revealed tissue formation, cellular infiltration and vascularization. Cartilage degeneration was more severe in the operated joints. Conclusion: The present study shows promising results concerning the qualities of this biomaterial with regard to implantation technique, stability and tissue ingrowth. (C) 2006 OsteoArthritis Research Society International.
|Titolo:||A tissue engineering approach to meniscus regeneration in a sheep model|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|