In conservation science, the identification of painting materials is fundamental for the study of artists’ palettes, for dating and for understanding on-going degradation phenomena. For these purposes, the study of stratigraphic micro-samples provides unique information on the complex heterogeneity of the pictorial artworks. In this context, we propose a combined-microscopy approach based on the application of time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) micro-imaging and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The TRPL device is based on pulsed laser excitation (excitation wavelength = 355 nm, 1 ns pulse width) and time-gated detection, and it is suitable for the detection of photoluminescent emissions with lifetime from few nanoseconds to hundreds of microseconds. In this work, the technique is beneficially applied for identifying different luminescent semiconductor and mineral pigments, on the basis of their spectral and decay kinetic emission properties. The spatial heterogeneities, detected in the micro-sample, are investigated with Raman spectroscopy (785-nm in CW mode) for a further identification of the paint composition on basis of the molecular vibrations associated with the crystal structure. The effectiveness and limits of the proposed combined method is discussed through analysis of a corpus of stratigraphic micro-samples from Russian Avant-garde modern paintings. In the selected samples, the method allows the identification of modern inorganic pigments such as cadmium-based pigments, zinc white, titanium white, chrome yellow, ultramarine and cinnabar.

Combined photoluminescence and Raman microscopy for the identification of modern pigments: explanatory examples on cross-sections from Russian avant-garde paintings

Artesani A.;Artesani A.;Artesani A.;
2019

Abstract

In conservation science, the identification of painting materials is fundamental for the study of artists’ palettes, for dating and for understanding on-going degradation phenomena. For these purposes, the study of stratigraphic micro-samples provides unique information on the complex heterogeneity of the pictorial artworks. In this context, we propose a combined-microscopy approach based on the application of time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) micro-imaging and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The TRPL device is based on pulsed laser excitation (excitation wavelength = 355 nm, 1 ns pulse width) and time-gated detection, and it is suitable for the detection of photoluminescent emissions with lifetime from few nanoseconds to hundreds of microseconds. In this work, the technique is beneficially applied for identifying different luminescent semiconductor and mineral pigments, on the basis of their spectral and decay kinetic emission properties. The spatial heterogeneities, detected in the micro-sample, are investigated with Raman spectroscopy (785-nm in CW mode) for a further identification of the paint composition on basis of the molecular vibrations associated with the crystal structure. The effectiveness and limits of the proposed combined method is discussed through analysis of a corpus of stratigraphic micro-samples from Russian Avant-garde modern paintings. In the selected samples, the method allows the identification of modern inorganic pigments such as cadmium-based pigments, zinc white, titanium white, chrome yellow, ultramarine and cinnabar.
Painting materials
Photoluminescence microscopy
Pigment identification
Raman microscopy
Time-resolved photoluminescence
Painting materials
Photoluminescence microscopy
Pigment identification
Raman microscopy
Time-resolved photoluminescence
Painting materials
Photoluminescence microscopy
Pigment identification
Raman microscopy
Time-resolved photoluminescence
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/66228
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