Purpose A number of studies performed in the operating room evaluated the hemodynamic effects of the fluid challenge (FC), solely considering the effect before and after the infusion. Few studies have investigated the pharmacodynamic effect of the FC on hemodynamic flow and pressure variables. We designed this trial aiming at describing the pharmacodynamic profile of two different FC infusion times, of a fixed dose of 4 ml kg(-1). Methods Forty-nine elective neurosurgical patients received two consecutive FCs of 4 ml kg(-1) of crystalloids in 10 (FC10) or 20 (FC20) minutes, in a random order. Fluid responsiveness was defined as stroke volume index increase >= 10%. We assessed the net area under the curve (AUC), the maximal percentage difference from baseline (d(max)), time when the d(max) was observed (t(max)), change from baseline at 1-min (d(1)) and 5-min (d(5)) after FC end. Results After FC10 and FC20, 25 (51%) and 14 (29%) of 49 patients were classified as fluid responders (p = 0.001). With the exception of the AUCs of SAP and MAP, the AUCs of all the considered hemodynamic variables were comparable. The d(max) and the t(max) were overall comparable. In both groups, the hemodynamic effects on flow variables were dissipated within 5 min after FC end. Conclusions The infusion time of FC administration affects fluid responsiveness, being higher for FC10 as compared to FC20. The effect on flow variables of either FCs fades 5 min after the end of infusion.

Pharmacodynamic analysis of a fluid challenge with 4 ml kg-1 over 10 or 20??min: a multicenter cross-over randomized clinical trial

Antonio Messina
;
Maurizio Cecconi
2021

Abstract

Purpose A number of studies performed in the operating room evaluated the hemodynamic effects of the fluid challenge (FC), solely considering the effect before and after the infusion. Few studies have investigated the pharmacodynamic effect of the FC on hemodynamic flow and pressure variables. We designed this trial aiming at describing the pharmacodynamic profile of two different FC infusion times, of a fixed dose of 4 ml kg(-1). Methods Forty-nine elective neurosurgical patients received two consecutive FCs of 4 ml kg(-1) of crystalloids in 10 (FC10) or 20 (FC20) minutes, in a random order. Fluid responsiveness was defined as stroke volume index increase >= 10%. We assessed the net area under the curve (AUC), the maximal percentage difference from baseline (d(max)), time when the d(max) was observed (t(max)), change from baseline at 1-min (d(1)) and 5-min (d(5)) after FC end. Results After FC10 and FC20, 25 (51%) and 14 (29%) of 49 patients were classified as fluid responders (p = 0.001). With the exception of the AUCs of SAP and MAP, the AUCs of all the considered hemodynamic variables were comparable. The d(max) and the t(max) were overall comparable. In both groups, the hemodynamic effects on flow variables were dissipated within 5 min after FC end. Conclusions The infusion time of FC administration affects fluid responsiveness, being higher for FC10 as compared to FC20. The effect on flow variables of either FCs fades 5 min after the end of infusion.
Fluid challenge
Pharmacodynamic
Neurosurgery
Fluids
Hemodynamics
Fluid responsiveness
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/66877
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