Genetic susceptibility to primary cutaneous melanoma (PCM) may account for up to 12% of PCMs, presenting as the familial atypical mole/multiple melanoma syndrome (FAMMM), an autosomal dominant condition with incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity, characterized by PCM in at least 2 relatives and/or >1 PCMs in the same patient. To identify subjects at high genetic risk of PCM, from January 1st 2012 to December 31st 2015 we offered genetic counselling and molecular analysis of the 2 high-penetrance FAMMM susceptibility genes, CDKN2A and CDK4, to 92 consecutive, unrelated patients with FAMMM. Age at diagnosis and number of PCMs were obtained from medical records; the number of PCMs and affected relatives were recorded for each family. The diagnostic work-up consisted of genetic counselling and cascade genetic testing in patients and further extension to relatives of those identified as mutation carriers. All exons and exon/intron boundaries of CDKN2A and CDK4 genes were screened by direct bi-directional sequencing. We identified CDKN2A mutations in 19 of the 92 unrelated patients (20.6%) and in 14 additional, clinically healthy relatives. Eleven of these latter subsequently underwent excision of dysplastic nevi but none developed PCM during a median follow-up of 37.3 months. In 3 patients from unrelated families, the novel CDKN2A p.D84V (c.251A>T) mutation was observed, associated with PCM in each pedigree. Genetic screening of FAMMM patients and their relatives can contribute to specific primary and secondary prevention programs for subjects at high genetic risk of PCM. The novel CDKN2A p.D84V (c.251A>T) mutation adds to the known mutations associated with FAMMM.
|Titolo:||Genetic counselling and high-penetrance susceptibility gene analysis reveal the novel CDKN2A p.D84V (c.251A>T) mutation in melanoma-prone families from Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|