Despite intensive investigation over the past 20 years, the specific role played by individual G(i) protein family members in mediating complex cellular effects is still largely unclear. Therefore, we investigated the role of specific G(i) proteins in mediating somatostatin (SS) effects in somatotroph cells. Because our previous data showed that SS receptor type 5 (SST5) carrying a spontaneous R240W mutation in the third intracellular loop had a similar ability to inhibit intracellular cAMP levels to the wild-type protein but failed to mediate inhibition of growth hormone (GH) release and cell proliferation, we used this model to check specific receptor-G-protein coupling by a bioluminescent resonance energy transfer analysis. In HEK293 cells, wild-type SST5 stimulated the activation of Gα(i1-3) and Gα(oA), B, whereas R240W SST5 maintained the ability to activate Gα(i1-3) and Gα(oB), but failed to activate the splicing variant Gα(oA). To investigate the role of the selective deficit in Gα(oA) coupling, we co-transfected human adenomatous somatotrophs with SST5 and a pertussis toxin (PTX)-resistant Gα(oA) (Gα(oA(PTX-r))) protein. In PTX-treated cells, Gα(oA(PTX-r)) rescued the ability of the selective SST5 analog BIM23206 to inhibit extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, GH secretion and intracellular cAMP levels. Moreover, we demonstrated that silencing of Gα(oA) completely abolished SST5-mediated inhibitory effects on GH secretion and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, but not on cAMP levels. In conclusion, by analysing the coupling specificity of human SST5 to individual Gα(i) and Gα(o) subunits, we identified a crucial role for Gα(oA) signalling in human pituitary cells.
|Titolo:||Specific roles of G(i) protein family members revealed by dissecting SST5 coupling in human pituitary cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|