We have investigated the effects on Saccharomyces cerevisiae of a novel antitumour agent (FCE24517 or Tallimustine) which causes selective alkylations to adenines in the minor groove of DNA. Tallimustine, added to wild-type cells for short periods, reduced the growth rate and increased the percentage of budded cells and delayed the cell cycle in the late S+G(2)+M phases. In the rad9 Delta null mutant cells, Tallimustine treatment did not affect growth rate and the percentage of budded cells but greatly reduced cell viability compared to isogenic cells. Consistent with a role of RAD9 in inducing a transient delay in G(2) phase which preserves cell viability, the potent cytotoxic effect of the drug on lad9 Delta cells was alleviated by treatment with nocodazole. Tallimustine was also found to delay the resumption from G, arrest of wild-type but not of lad9 Delta cells. These data indicate that the effects of Tallimustine on cell cycle progression in yeast are mediated by the RAD9 gene product. From our data it appears that yeast could be a valuable model system to study the mode of action of this alkylating drug and of minor groove alkylators in general.

Effects of a novel DNA-damaging agent on the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell cycle

D'Incalci M
1996

Abstract

We have investigated the effects on Saccharomyces cerevisiae of a novel antitumour agent (FCE24517 or Tallimustine) which causes selective alkylations to adenines in the minor groove of DNA. Tallimustine, added to wild-type cells for short periods, reduced the growth rate and increased the percentage of budded cells and delayed the cell cycle in the late S+G(2)+M phases. In the rad9 Delta null mutant cells, Tallimustine treatment did not affect growth rate and the percentage of budded cells but greatly reduced cell viability compared to isogenic cells. Consistent with a role of RAD9 in inducing a transient delay in G(2) phase which preserves cell viability, the potent cytotoxic effect of the drug on lad9 Delta cells was alleviated by treatment with nocodazole. Tallimustine was also found to delay the resumption from G, arrest of wild-type but not of lad9 Delta cells. These data indicate that the effects of Tallimustine on cell cycle progression in yeast are mediated by the RAD9 gene product. From our data it appears that yeast could be a valuable model system to study the mode of action of this alkylating drug and of minor groove alkylators in general.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/67273
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