We investigated whether recombinant human (rHu-IFN-beta) (IFN-beta) could counteract the inhibition of natural killer (NK) activity caused by antitumor agents. Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were incubated with different antitumor agents alone or in combination with IFN-beta for 3 days and then tested in a cytotoxicity assay against the K562 cell line. The following drugs were used, all of which caused a dose-dependent inhibition of NK activity: etoposide, camptothecin, doxorubicin, cis-DDP, tallimustine, and L-PAM. Concomitant treatment with (1000 U/ml) IFN-beta counteracted the inhibitory effect of etoposide and camptothecin but had no consistent effect on the inhibition mediated by the other drugs. Mean values of inhibition of NK activity at 1 mu M camptothecin was 48% +/- 3.4% and with IFN-beta was 10% +/- 4.9%. With 100 mu M etoposide, mean value of inhibition was 78% +/- 3.3%, and with IFN-beta, it was 18% +/- 1.5%. Cell viability, assessed by vital dye exclusion, and drug uptake, assessed with radiolabeled etoposide, were similar in cells treated with or without IFN-beta. The protective effect of IFN-beta on NK function was rather selective, as IFN-beta did not counteract the drug-mediated inhibition of PBL proliferation when stimulated by phytohemagglutinin (PHA). Other cytokines, IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, and interleukin-2 (IL-2), had similar protective effect, although IFN-beta was slightly more potent. On the other hand, IL-6, a cytokine sharing some properties with IFNs was ineffective. Camptothecin inhibited the expression of mRNA for granzyme B, a lytic protein involved in lymphoid-mediated cytotoxicity. Combined treatment with IFN-beta restored-at least in part-the transcription of granzyme B mRNA. These results show that the immunosuppressive effect of some antitumor agents could be partly counteracted by treatment with IFN-beta.

IFN-beta partially counteracts inhibition of natural killer activity induced by some antitumor agents

D'Incalci M
1998

Abstract

We investigated whether recombinant human (rHu-IFN-beta) (IFN-beta) could counteract the inhibition of natural killer (NK) activity caused by antitumor agents. Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were incubated with different antitumor agents alone or in combination with IFN-beta for 3 days and then tested in a cytotoxicity assay against the K562 cell line. The following drugs were used, all of which caused a dose-dependent inhibition of NK activity: etoposide, camptothecin, doxorubicin, cis-DDP, tallimustine, and L-PAM. Concomitant treatment with (1000 U/ml) IFN-beta counteracted the inhibitory effect of etoposide and camptothecin but had no consistent effect on the inhibition mediated by the other drugs. Mean values of inhibition of NK activity at 1 mu M camptothecin was 48% +/- 3.4% and with IFN-beta was 10% +/- 4.9%. With 100 mu M etoposide, mean value of inhibition was 78% +/- 3.3%, and with IFN-beta, it was 18% +/- 1.5%. Cell viability, assessed by vital dye exclusion, and drug uptake, assessed with radiolabeled etoposide, were similar in cells treated with or without IFN-beta. The protective effect of IFN-beta on NK function was rather selective, as IFN-beta did not counteract the drug-mediated inhibition of PBL proliferation when stimulated by phytohemagglutinin (PHA). Other cytokines, IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, and interleukin-2 (IL-2), had similar protective effect, although IFN-beta was slightly more potent. On the other hand, IL-6, a cytokine sharing some properties with IFNs was ineffective. Camptothecin inhibited the expression of mRNA for granzyme B, a lytic protein involved in lymphoid-mediated cytotoxicity. Combined treatment with IFN-beta restored-at least in part-the transcription of granzyme B mRNA. These results show that the immunosuppressive effect of some antitumor agents could be partly counteracted by treatment with IFN-beta.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/67282
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