Aplidine (dehydrodidemnin B) is a new marine-derived depsipeptide with a powerful cytotoxic activity, which is under early clinical investigation in Europe and in the US. In order to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of this novel drug, an HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the determination of aplidine in biological samples. Didemnin B, a hydroxy analogue, was used as internal standard. After protein precipitation with acetonitrile and extraction with chloroform, aplidine was chromatographed with a RP octadecylsilica column using a water-acetonitrile linear gradient in the presence of formic acid at the flow-rate of 500 mu l/min. The method was linear over a 5-100 ng/ml range (LOD=0.5 ng/ml) in plasma and over a 1.25-125 ng/ml range (LOD=0.2 ng/ml) in urine with precision and accuracy below 14.0%. The intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy were below 12.5%. The extraction procedure recoveries for aplidine and didemnin B were 69% and 68%, respectively in plasma and 91% and 87%, respectively in urine. Differences in linearity, LOQ, LOD and recoveries between plasma and urine samples seem to be matrix-dependent. The applicability of the method was tested by measuring aplidine in rat plasma and urine after intravenous treatment. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Analysis of aplidine (dehydrodidemnin B), a new marine-derived depsipeptide, in rat biological fluids by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

D'Incalci M;
1999

Abstract

Aplidine (dehydrodidemnin B) is a new marine-derived depsipeptide with a powerful cytotoxic activity, which is under early clinical investigation in Europe and in the US. In order to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of this novel drug, an HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the determination of aplidine in biological samples. Didemnin B, a hydroxy analogue, was used as internal standard. After protein precipitation with acetonitrile and extraction with chloroform, aplidine was chromatographed with a RP octadecylsilica column using a water-acetonitrile linear gradient in the presence of formic acid at the flow-rate of 500 mu l/min. The method was linear over a 5-100 ng/ml range (LOD=0.5 ng/ml) in plasma and over a 1.25-125 ng/ml range (LOD=0.2 ng/ml) in urine with precision and accuracy below 14.0%. The intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy were below 12.5%. The extraction procedure recoveries for aplidine and didemnin B were 69% and 68%, respectively in plasma and 91% and 87%, respectively in urine. Differences in linearity, LOQ, LOD and recoveries between plasma and urine samples seem to be matrix-dependent. The applicability of the method was tested by measuring aplidine in rat plasma and urine after intravenous treatment. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/67595
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