Pioglitazone is a Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor (PPAR) agonist of the thiazolidinedione class of compounds with promising anticancer activity. An innovative quantitative mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) method and a HPLC-UV method were developed and validated to investigate its distribution in tumor and liver tissues. The MSI method is based on stable isotope normalization and resulted highly specific and sensitive (0.2 pmol/spot). The correct identification of the drug ion signal is confirmed by MS/MS analysis on tissue. The method shows an optimal lateral resolution (25 μm) relying on the ionization efficiency and fine laser diameter of the atmospheric pressure MALDI source. The HPLC-UV method is simple and straightforward involving quick protein precipitation and shows good sensitivity (50ng/sample) using a small starting volume of biological sample. Thus, it is applicable to samples obtained from both preclinical models and clinical surgical procedures. MSI and HPLC-UV assays were validated assessing linearity, intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy, limit of quantification, selectivity and recovery. These are the first methods developed and validated for the analysis of pioglitazone in tissues, and they were applied successfully to myxoid liposarcoma xenograft-bearing mice, which received clinically relevant drug doses. Pioglitazone was measured by either method in sections of tumor and liver 2, 6 and 24 h post-treatment. Drug distribution was relatively homogeneous.

Quantitative measurement of pioglitazone in neoplastic and normal tissues by AP-MALDI mass spectrometry imaging

D'Incalci, Maurizio;
2022

Abstract

Pioglitazone is a Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor (PPAR) agonist of the thiazolidinedione class of compounds with promising anticancer activity. An innovative quantitative mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) method and a HPLC-UV method were developed and validated to investigate its distribution in tumor and liver tissues. The MSI method is based on stable isotope normalization and resulted highly specific and sensitive (0.2 pmol/spot). The correct identification of the drug ion signal is confirmed by MS/MS analysis on tissue. The method shows an optimal lateral resolution (25 μm) relying on the ionization efficiency and fine laser diameter of the atmospheric pressure MALDI source. The HPLC-UV method is simple and straightforward involving quick protein precipitation and shows good sensitivity (50ng/sample) using a small starting volume of biological sample. Thus, it is applicable to samples obtained from both preclinical models and clinical surgical procedures. MSI and HPLC-UV assays were validated assessing linearity, intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy, limit of quantification, selectivity and recovery. These are the first methods developed and validated for the analysis of pioglitazone in tissues, and they were applied successfully to myxoid liposarcoma xenograft-bearing mice, which received clinically relevant drug doses. Pioglitazone was measured by either method in sections of tumor and liver 2, 6 and 24 h post-treatment. Drug distribution was relatively homogeneous.
Drug distribution
Mass spectrometry imaging
Pioglitazone
Quantitative molecular imaging
Solid tumors
Animals
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Mice
Pioglitazone
Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
Atmospheric Pressure
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11699/67805
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