The glycosylation of the fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of immunoglobulins (Ig) is critical for the modulation of antibody effects on inflammation. Moreover, antibody glycosylation may induce pathologic modifications and ultimately contribute to the development of autoimmune diseases. Thanks to progress in the analysis of glycosylation, more data are available on IgG and its subclass structures in the context of autoimmune diseases. In this review, we focused on the impact of Ig glycosylation in autoimmunity, describing how it modulates the immune response and how glycome profiles can be used as biomarkers of disease activity. The analysis of antibody glycosylation demonstrated specific features in human autoimmune and chronic inflammatory conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory bowel disease and autoimmune liver diseases, among others. Within the same disease, different patterns are associated with disease severity and treatment options. Future research may increase the information available on the distinct glycome profiles and expand their potential role as biomarkers and as targets for treatment, ultimately favoring an individualized approach.

Antibody glycosylation in autoimmune diseases

Selmi, Carlo;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The glycosylation of the fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of immunoglobulins (Ig) is critical for the modulation of antibody effects on inflammation. Moreover, antibody glycosylation may induce pathologic modifications and ultimately contribute to the development of autoimmune diseases. Thanks to progress in the analysis of glycosylation, more data are available on IgG and its subclass structures in the context of autoimmune diseases. In this review, we focused on the impact of Ig glycosylation in autoimmunity, describing how it modulates the immune response and how glycome profiles can be used as biomarkers of disease activity. The analysis of antibody glycosylation demonstrated specific features in human autoimmune and chronic inflammatory conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory bowel disease and autoimmune liver diseases, among others. Within the same disease, different patterns are associated with disease severity and treatment options. Future research may increase the information available on the distinct glycome profiles and expand their potential role as biomarkers and as targets for treatment, ultimately favoring an individualized approach.
2021
Antibody
Autoimmune Diseases
Fc fragment
Glycosylation
Inflammation
Autoimmunity
Glycosylation
Humans
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/68660
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