Poorly differentiated sinonasal carcinomas (PDSNCs) are rare and aggressive malignancies, which include squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC), and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC). Several epigenetic markers have been suggested to support the histopathological classification, predict prognosis, and guide therapeutic decision. Indeed, molecularly distinct subtypes of sinonasal carcinomas, including SMARCB1-INI1 or SMARCA4 deficient sinonasal carcinoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant SNUC, ARID1A mutant PDSNCs, and NUT carcinomas, have recently been proposed as separate entities. Identification of aberrant DNA methylation levels associated with these specific epigenetic driver genes could be useful for prognostic and therapeutic purpose.

Methylation Drivers and Prognostic Implications in Sinonasal Poorly Differentiated Carcinomas

Uccella, Silvia;
2021

Abstract

Poorly differentiated sinonasal carcinomas (PDSNCs) are rare and aggressive malignancies, which include squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC), and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC). Several epigenetic markers have been suggested to support the histopathological classification, predict prognosis, and guide therapeutic decision. Indeed, molecularly distinct subtypes of sinonasal carcinomas, including SMARCB1-INI1 or SMARCA4 deficient sinonasal carcinoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant SNUC, ARID1A mutant PDSNCs, and NUT carcinomas, have recently been proposed as separate entities. Identification of aberrant DNA methylation levels associated with these specific epigenetic driver genes could be useful for prognostic and therapeutic purpose.
CpG island methylator phenotype
IDH2
INI1
LINE-1 methylation
SMARCB1
sinonasal neuroendocrine cancer
undifferentiated cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/69417
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