Introduction: Double occurrence of TTF1 and ΔNp63/p40 (henceforth, p40) within the same individual cells is exceedingly rare in lung cancer. Little is known on their biological and clinical implications. Methods: Two index cases immunoreactive for both p40 and TTF1 and nine tumors selected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) according to the mRNA levels of the two relevant genes entered the study. Results: The two index cases were peripherally located, poorly differentiated, and behaviorally unfavorable carcinomas, which shared widespread p40 and TTF1 decoration within the same individual tumor cells. They also retained SMARCA2 and SMARCA4 expression, while variably stained for p53, cytokeratin 5, and programmed death-ligand 1. A subset of basal cells p40+/TTF1+ could be found in normal distal airways. Biphenotypic glandular and squamous differentiation was unveiled by electron microscopy, along with EGFR, RAD51B, CCND3, or NF1 mutations and IGF1R, MYC, CCND1, or CDK2 copy number variations on next-generation sequencing analysis. The nine tumors from TCGA (0.88% of 1018 tumors) shared the same poor prognosis, clinical presentation, and challenging histology and had activated pathways of enhanced angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Mutation and copy number variation profiles did not differ from the other TCGA tumors. Conclusions: Double p40+/TTF1+ lung carcinomas are aggressive and likely underrecognized non-small cell carcinomas, whose origin could reside in double-positive distal airway stem-like basal cells through either de novo-basal-like or differentiating cell mechanisms according to a model of epithelial renewal.

Coexpression of ΔNp63/p40 and TTF1 Within Most of the Same Individual Cells Identifies Life-Threatening NSCLC Featuring Squamous and Glandular Biphenotypic Differentiation: Clinicopathologic Correlations

Uccella, Silvia;
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Double occurrence of TTF1 and ΔNp63/p40 (henceforth, p40) within the same individual cells is exceedingly rare in lung cancer. Little is known on their biological and clinical implications. Methods: Two index cases immunoreactive for both p40 and TTF1 and nine tumors selected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) according to the mRNA levels of the two relevant genes entered the study. Results: The two index cases were peripherally located, poorly differentiated, and behaviorally unfavorable carcinomas, which shared widespread p40 and TTF1 decoration within the same individual tumor cells. They also retained SMARCA2 and SMARCA4 expression, while variably stained for p53, cytokeratin 5, and programmed death-ligand 1. A subset of basal cells p40+/TTF1+ could be found in normal distal airways. Biphenotypic glandular and squamous differentiation was unveiled by electron microscopy, along with EGFR, RAD51B, CCND3, or NF1 mutations and IGF1R, MYC, CCND1, or CDK2 copy number variations on next-generation sequencing analysis. The nine tumors from TCGA (0.88% of 1018 tumors) shared the same poor prognosis, clinical presentation, and challenging histology and had activated pathways of enhanced angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Mutation and copy number variation profiles did not differ from the other TCGA tumors. Conclusions: Double p40+/TTF1+ lung carcinomas are aggressive and likely underrecognized non-small cell carcinomas, whose origin could reside in double-positive distal airway stem-like basal cells through either de novo-basal-like or differentiating cell mechanisms according to a model of epithelial renewal.
Lung
Non–small cell carcinoma
Prognosis
TTF-1
ΔNp63/p40
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/69418
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