Despite large-scale randomized clinical trials (RCTs) highlighting a consistent prognostic benefit of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) both in diabetic patients at high cardiovascular risk and in those with heart failure, there is relative paucity of data on their biochemical effects in a real-world setting. We performed a retrospective analysis on consecutive diabetic patients who were prescribed a SGLT2i in a tertiary referral center and completed at least 1 year of treatment. Changes in glycated hemoglobin, weight, and hematocrit were compared across 2 cardiovascular risk categories, defined through the inclusion criteria of 3 large RCTs. Of the 459 patients screened, 312 completed 1 year of treatment (68.0%), 92 interrupted the treatment prematurely (20.0%), and 55 were lost to follow-up (12.0%). The most common cause of drug discontinuation was genital or urinary tract infections (9.4%). At 1 year, reduction in glycated hemoglobin concentration (-0.7 ± 1.5%, P < 0.001) and body weight (2.4 ± 4.6 kg, P < 0.001) was comparable between patients at high versus low cardiovascular risk, while hematocrit increase (2.3 ± 3.3%, P < 0.001) was more marked in patients with high cardiovascular risk and low baseline hematocrit. In a real-world population of diabetic patients, SGLT2is were well-tolerated at 1 year and led to improved glycemic control and weight loss. Hematocrit increase was more consistent in patients with high cardiovascular risk and signs of fluid overload, indicating euvolemic restoration as a potential cardioprotective mechanism mediated by these compounds.

Biochemical Efficacy of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors by Cardiovascular Risk Profile and Volume Status in a Real-World Diabetic Population

Stefanini, Giulio G;Condorelli, Gianluigi;Panico, Cristina
2022

Abstract

Despite large-scale randomized clinical trials (RCTs) highlighting a consistent prognostic benefit of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) both in diabetic patients at high cardiovascular risk and in those with heart failure, there is relative paucity of data on their biochemical effects in a real-world setting. We performed a retrospective analysis on consecutive diabetic patients who were prescribed a SGLT2i in a tertiary referral center and completed at least 1 year of treatment. Changes in glycated hemoglobin, weight, and hematocrit were compared across 2 cardiovascular risk categories, defined through the inclusion criteria of 3 large RCTs. Of the 459 patients screened, 312 completed 1 year of treatment (68.0%), 92 interrupted the treatment prematurely (20.0%), and 55 were lost to follow-up (12.0%). The most common cause of drug discontinuation was genital or urinary tract infections (9.4%). At 1 year, reduction in glycated hemoglobin concentration (-0.7 ± 1.5%, P < 0.001) and body weight (2.4 ± 4.6 kg, P < 0.001) was comparable between patients at high versus low cardiovascular risk, while hematocrit increase (2.3 ± 3.3%, P < 0.001) was more marked in patients with high cardiovascular risk and low baseline hematocrit. In a real-world population of diabetic patients, SGLT2is were well-tolerated at 1 year and led to improved glycemic control and weight loss. Hematocrit increase was more consistent in patients with high cardiovascular risk and signs of fluid overload, indicating euvolemic restoration as a potential cardioprotective mechanism mediated by these compounds.
Glucose
Glycated Hemoglobin A
Heart Disease Risk Factors
Humans
Hypoglycemic Agents
Sodium
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Heart Failure
Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/70143
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