The effect of TRH on cytosolic free calcium concentrations, [Ca2+]i, was evaluated on cell suspensions obtained from 6 human PRL secreting pituitary adenomas. In these cells resting [Ca2+]i levels were variable (mean +/- SE; 103.8 +/- 6.5, n = 25); the addition of 100 nM TRH caused a marked [Ca2+]i rise within 20 sec., the peak values ranging from 200 to 437 nM (285 +/- 10.8 nM, n = 10). The transients induced by TRH were composed by a rapid increase, due to mobilization of calcium from intracellular stores, followed within a few seconds by a lower plateau which was due to stimulated influx from the extracellular space. In fact, when EGTA and verapamil were applied after TRH they caused the Ca2+ plateau to dissipate rapidly. The addition of 1 microM dopamine (DA) caused a substantial decrease of resting [Ca2+]i (about 10-30%) as well as an inhibition of the plateau phase induced by TRH. The effect of DA completely depended on extracellular Ca2+. The TRH-induced transients observed in adenomatous cells were quite similar in size and time course to those recorded in normal rat lactotrophs. As previously observed in rat lactotrophs, in adenomatous cells treatment with pertussis toxin (PTx, 1 microgram/ml for 4 h) was unable to affect the [Ca2+]i transients induced by TRH while completely abolished the effect of DA. The effects of TRH on in vivo and in vitro PRL secretion were also evaluated. Before surgery, no patient showed a positive response to the iv administration of 200 micrograms TRH (serum PRL levels: 95 +/- 62 ng/ml in basal conditions vs 124 +/- 92 after TRH, P = NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

TRH raises cytosolic Ca2+ in human adenomatous lactotrophs

Lania, A
1990

Abstract

The effect of TRH on cytosolic free calcium concentrations, [Ca2+]i, was evaluated on cell suspensions obtained from 6 human PRL secreting pituitary adenomas. In these cells resting [Ca2+]i levels were variable (mean +/- SE; 103.8 +/- 6.5, n = 25); the addition of 100 nM TRH caused a marked [Ca2+]i rise within 20 sec., the peak values ranging from 200 to 437 nM (285 +/- 10.8 nM, n = 10). The transients induced by TRH were composed by a rapid increase, due to mobilization of calcium from intracellular stores, followed within a few seconds by a lower plateau which was due to stimulated influx from the extracellular space. In fact, when EGTA and verapamil were applied after TRH they caused the Ca2+ plateau to dissipate rapidly. The addition of 1 microM dopamine (DA) caused a substantial decrease of resting [Ca2+]i (about 10-30%) as well as an inhibition of the plateau phase induced by TRH. The effect of DA completely depended on extracellular Ca2+. The TRH-induced transients observed in adenomatous cells were quite similar in size and time course to those recorded in normal rat lactotrophs. As previously observed in rat lactotrophs, in adenomatous cells treatment with pertussis toxin (PTx, 1 microgram/ml for 4 h) was unable to affect the [Ca2+]i transients induced by TRH while completely abolished the effect of DA. The effects of TRH on in vivo and in vitro PRL secretion were also evaluated. Before surgery, no patient showed a positive response to the iv administration of 200 micrograms TRH (serum PRL levels: 95 +/- 62 ng/ml in basal conditions vs 124 +/- 92 after TRH, P = NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Animals
Benzofurans
Calcium
Cytosol
Dopamine
Egtazic Acid
Female
Humans
Pertussis Toxin
Pituitary Gland, Anterior
Pituitary Neoplasms
Prolactin
Prolactinoma
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
Virulence Factors, Bordetella
Fura-2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/70217
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