PBX1 regulates the balance between self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells and maintains proto-oncogenic transcriptional pathways in early progenitors. Its increased expression was found in myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients bearing the JAK2V617F mutation. To investigate if PBX1 contributes to MPN, and to explore its potential as therapeutic target, we generated the JP mouse strain, in which the human JAK2 mutation is induced in the absence of PBX1. Typical MPN features, such as thrombocythemia and granulocytosis, did not develop without PBX1, while erythrocytosis, initially displayed by JP mice, gradually resolved over time; splenic myeloid metaplasia and in vitro cytokine independent growth were absent upon PBX1 inactivation. The aberrant transcriptome in stem/progenitor cells from the MPN model was reverted by the absence of PBX1, demonstrating that PBX1 controls part of the molecular pathways deregulated by the JAK2V617F mutation. Modulation of the PBX1-driven transcriptional program might represent a novel therapeutic approach.

PBX1-directed stem cell transcriptional program drives tumor progression in myeloproliferative neoplasm

Della Porta, Matteo Giovanni;
2021-01-01

Abstract

PBX1 regulates the balance between self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells and maintains proto-oncogenic transcriptional pathways in early progenitors. Its increased expression was found in myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients bearing the JAK2V617F mutation. To investigate if PBX1 contributes to MPN, and to explore its potential as therapeutic target, we generated the JP mouse strain, in which the human JAK2 mutation is induced in the absence of PBX1. Typical MPN features, such as thrombocythemia and granulocytosis, did not develop without PBX1, while erythrocytosis, initially displayed by JP mice, gradually resolved over time; splenic myeloid metaplasia and in vitro cytokine independent growth were absent upon PBX1 inactivation. The aberrant transcriptome in stem/progenitor cells from the MPN model was reverted by the absence of PBX1, demonstrating that PBX1 controls part of the molecular pathways deregulated by the JAK2V617F mutation. Modulation of the PBX1-driven transcriptional program might represent a novel therapeutic approach.
CD61
Emb
HSPC
JAK2V617F
MPN
Pbx1
differentiation
erythrocytosis
hematopoietic stem cells
myeloproliferative neoplasm
Animals
Disease Models, Animal
Disease Progression
Gene Expression Profiling
Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Humans
Mice, Knockout
Mice, Transgenic
Mutation
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Pre-B-Cell Leukemia Transcription Factor 1
RNA-Seq
Signal Transduction
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/70693
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