The patterns and prevalence of early repolarization pattern (ER) in pediatric populations from ethnic backgrounds other than Caucasian have not been determined. Black African children (ages 4-12) from north-west Madagascar were prospectively recruited and their ECGs compared with those of age- and sex-matched Caucasian ethnicity individuals. ER was defined by ≥ 0.1 mV J-point elevation in at least two contiguous inferior and/or lateral ECG leads. A total of 616 children were included. There was a trend toward a higher frequency of ER in the Africans compared to the Caucasians (23.3% vs. 17.1%, respectively, p = 0.053). The subtype (slurred vs. notched) and location of ER (lateral, inferior, or inferior-lateral) were significantly different in the two groups (p < 0.001 and p = 0.020, respectively). There was no significant difference in the number of high-risk ECG features of ERP (i.e., horizontal/descendent pattern, inferior or inferior-lateral location or J-waves ≥ 2 mm) between African and Caucasian children. On the multivariate analysis, African ethnicity was an independent predictive factor of ER (OR 3.57, 95% CI 2.04-6.25, p < 0.001). African children have an increased risk of ER compared to Caucasian counterparts. Future studies should clarify the clinical and prognostic significance of ER in the pediatric population, and whether ethnicity has an impact on the outcomes.

Impact of Ethnicity on the Prevalence of Early Repolarization Pattern in Children: Comparison Between Caucasian and African Populations

Mangiameli, Giuseppe;
2019-01-01

Abstract

The patterns and prevalence of early repolarization pattern (ER) in pediatric populations from ethnic backgrounds other than Caucasian have not been determined. Black African children (ages 4-12) from north-west Madagascar were prospectively recruited and their ECGs compared with those of age- and sex-matched Caucasian ethnicity individuals. ER was defined by ≥ 0.1 mV J-point elevation in at least two contiguous inferior and/or lateral ECG leads. A total of 616 children were included. There was a trend toward a higher frequency of ER in the Africans compared to the Caucasians (23.3% vs. 17.1%, respectively, p = 0.053). The subtype (slurred vs. notched) and location of ER (lateral, inferior, or inferior-lateral) were significantly different in the two groups (p < 0.001 and p = 0.020, respectively). There was no significant difference in the number of high-risk ECG features of ERP (i.e., horizontal/descendent pattern, inferior or inferior-lateral location or J-waves ≥ 2 mm) between African and Caucasian children. On the multivariate analysis, African ethnicity was an independent predictive factor of ER (OR 3.57, 95% CI 2.04-6.25, p < 0.001). African children have an increased risk of ER compared to Caucasian counterparts. Future studies should clarify the clinical and prognostic significance of ER in the pediatric population, and whether ethnicity has an impact on the outcomes.
Early repolarization
Ethnicity
Pediatrics
Sudden death
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11699/70935
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